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此版本的 GitHub Enterprise 将停止服务 2022-06-03. 即使针对重大安全问题,也不会发布补丁。 要获得更好的性能、改进的安全性和新功能,请升级到 GitHub Enterprise 的最新版本。 如需升级方面的帮助,请联系 GitHub Enterprise 支持

About Dependabot alerts

GitHub Enterprise Server sends Dependabot 警报 when we detect vulnerabilities affecting your repository.

About vulnerable dependencies

漏洞是项目代码中的问题,可能被利用来损害机密性、完整性或者该项目或其他使用其代码的项目的可用性。 漏洞的类型、严重性和攻击方法各不相同。

When your code depends on a package that has a security vulnerability, this vulnerable dependency can cause a range of problems for your project or the people who use it.

Detection of vulnerable dependencies

Dependabot performs a scan to detect vulnerable dependencies and sends Dependabot 警报 when:

  • New advisory data is synchronized to 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 each hour from GitHub.com. For more information about advisory data, see "Browsing security vulnerabilities in the GitHub Advisory Database" in the GitHub.com documentation.

    Note: Only advisories that have been reviewed by GitHub will trigger Dependabot 警报.

  • The dependency graph for a repository changes. For example, when a contributor pushes a commit to change the packages or versions it depends on. For more information, see "About the dependency graph."

For a list of the ecosystems that GitHub Enterprise Server can detect vulnerabilities and dependencies for, see "Supported package ecosystems."

Note: It is important to keep your manifest and lock files up to date. If the dependency graph doesn't accurately reflect your current dependencies and versions, then you could miss alerts for vulnerable dependencies that you use. You may also get alerts for dependencies that you no longer use.

Dependabot 警报 for vulnerable dependencies

Enterprise owners must enable Dependabot 警报 for vulnerable dependencies for 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 before you can use this feature. For more information, see "Enabling Dependabot for your enterprise."

When GitHub Enterprise Server identifies a vulnerable dependency, we generate a Dependabot alert and display it on the Security tab for the repository and in the repository's dependency graph. The alert includes a link to the affected file in the project, and information about a fixed version. GitHub Enterprise Server may also notify the maintainers of affected repositories about the new alert according to their notification preferences. For more information, see "Configuring notifications for vulnerable dependencies."

Note: GitHub Enterprise Server's security features do not claim to catch all vulnerabilities. Though we are always trying to update our vulnerability database and generate alerts with our most up-to-date information, we will not be able to catch everything or tell you about known vulnerabilities within a guaranteed time frame. These features are not substitutes for human review of each dependency for potential vulnerabilities or any other issues, and we recommend consulting with a security service or conducting a thorough vulnerability review when necessary.

Access to Dependabot 警报

You can see all of the alerts that affect a particular project in the repository's dependency graph. For more information, see "Viewing Dependabot 警报 for vulnerable dependencies."

By default, we notify people with admin permissions in the affected repositories about new Dependabot 警报.

您可以选择通知的传递方式,以及向您发送通知的频率。 For more information, see "Configuring notifications for vulnerable dependencies."

You can also see all the Dependabot 警报 that correspond to a particular vulnerability in the GitHub Advisory Database. For more information about advisory data, see "Browsing security vulnerabilities in the GitHub Advisory Database" in the GitHub.com documentation.