Preparing the migrated data for import to GitHub Enterprise Server
scpcommand, copy the migration archive generated from your source instance or organization to your GitHub Enterprise Server target:
$ scp -P 122 PATH-TO-MIGRATION-GUID.tar.gz admin@HOSTNAME:/home/admin/
作为站点管理员，通过 SSH 连接到目标 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例。
$ ssh -p 122 admin@HOSTNAME
ghe-migrator preparecommand to prepare the archive for import on the target instance and generate a new Migration GUID for you to use in subsequent steps:
ghe-migrator prepare /home/admin/MIGRATION-GUID.tar.gz
- To start a new import attempt, run
ghe-migrator prepareagain and get a new Migration GUID.
- To start a new import attempt, run
Generating a list of migration conflicts
- Using the
ghe-migrator conflictscommand with the Migration GUID, generate a conflicts.csv file:
$ ghe-migrator conflicts -g MIGRATION-GUID > conflicts.csv
- If no conflicts are reported, you can safely import the data by following the steps in "Migrating data to GitHub Enterprise Server".
- If there are conflicts, using the
scpcommand, copy conflicts.csv to your local computer:
$ scp -P 122 admin@HOSTNAME:conflicts.csv ~/Desktop
- Continue to "Resolving migration conflicts or setting up custom mappings".
Reviewing migration conflicts
- Using a text editor or CSV-compatible spreadsheet software, open conflicts.csv.
- With guidance from the examples and reference tables below, review the conflicts.csv file to ensure that the proper actions will be taken upon import.
The conflicts.csv file contains a migration map of conflicts and recommended actions. A migration map lists out both what data is being migrated from the source, and how the data will be applied to the target.
Each row in conflicts.csv provides the following information:
|The type of data being changed.|
|The source URL of the data.|
|The expected target URL of the data.|
|The preferred action |
Possible mappings for each record type
There are several different mapping actions that
ghe-migrator can take when transferring data:
|(default) Data from the source is imported to the target.||All record types|
|Data from the source is replaced by existing data on the target.||Users, organizations, repositories|
|Data from the source is renamed, then copied over to the target.||Users, organizations, repositories|
|If the target exists, map to that target. Otherwise, rename the imported model.||Users|
|Data from the source is combined with existing data on the target.||Teams|
We strongly suggest you review the conflicts.csv file and use
ghe-migrator audit to ensure that the proper actions are being taken. If everything looks good, you can continue to "Migrating data to GitHub Enterprise Server".
Resolving migration conflicts or setting up custom mappings
If you believe that
ghe-migrator will perform an incorrect change, you can make corrections by changing the data in conflicts.csv. You can make changes to any of the rows in conflicts.csv.
For example, let's say you notice that the
octocat user from the source is being mapped to
octocat on the target:
You can choose to map the user to a different user on the target. Suppose you know that
octocat should actually be
monalisa on the target. You can change the
target_url column in conflicts.csv to refer to
As another example, if you want to rename the
octo-org/widgets repository to
octo-org/amazing-widgets on the target instance, change the
octo-org/amazing-widgets and the
Adding custom mappings
A common scenario during a migration is for migrated users to have different usernames on the target than they have on the source.
Given a list of usernames from the source and a list of usernames on the target, you can build a CSV file with custom mappings and then apply it to ensure each user's username and content is correctly attributed to them at the end of a migration.
You can quickly generate a CSV of users being migrated in the CSV format needed to apply custom mappings by using the
ghe-migrator audit command:
$ ghe-migrator audit -m user -g MIGRATION-GUID > users.csv
Now, you can edit that CSV and enter the new URL for each user you would like to map or rename, and then update the fourth column to have
rename as appropriate.
For example, to rename the user
monalisa on the target
https://example-gh.target you would create a row with the following content:
The same process can be used to create mappings for each record that supports custom mappings. For more information, see our table on the possible mappings for records.
Applying modified migration data
After making changes, use the
scpcommand to apply your modified conflicts.csv (or any other mapping .csv file in the correct format) to the target instance:
$ scp -P 122 ~/Desktop/conflicts.csv admin@HOSTNAME:/home/admin/
Re-map the migration data using the
ghe-migrator mapcommand, passing in the path to your modified .csv file and the Migration GUID:
$ ghe-migrator map -i conflicts.csv -g MIGRATION-GUID
ghe-migrator map -i conflicts.csv -g MIGRATION-GUIDcommand reports that conflicts still exist, run through the migration conflict resolution process again.