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REST API 现已经过版本控制。 有关详细信息,请参阅“关于 API 版本控制”。

存储库 Webhook 的 REST API 终结点

使用 REST API 创建和管理存储库的 Webhook。

关于存储库 Webhook

利用存储库 Webhook 可使你的服务器在存储库内发生特定事件时接收 HTTP POST 有效负载。 有关详细信息,请参阅“Webhook 文档”。

List repository webhooks

Lists webhooks for a repository. last response may return null if there have not been any deliveries within 30 days.

“List repository webhooks”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“List repository webhooks”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

默认: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

默认: 1

“List repository webhooks”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

“List repository webhooks”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks

Response

Status: 200
[ { "type": "Repository", "id": 12345678, "name": "web", "active": true, "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "config": { "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }, "updated_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "created_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678", "test_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/test", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "last_response": { "code": null, "status": "unused", "message": null } } ]

Create a repository webhook

Repositories can have multiple webhooks installed. Each webhook should have a unique config. Multiple webhooks can share the same config as long as those webhooks do not have any events that overlap.

“Create a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (write)

“Create a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
name string

Use web to create a webhook. Default: web. This parameter only accepts the value web.

config object

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook.

名称, 类型, 说明
url string

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

events array of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for.

默认: ["push"]

active boolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

“Create a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
201

Created

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Create a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks \ -d '{"name":"web","active":true,"events":["push","pull_request"],"config":{"url":"https://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json","insecure_ssl":"0"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "type": "Repository", "id": 12345678, "name": "web", "active": true, "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "config": { "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }, "updated_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "created_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678", "test_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/test", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "last_response": { "code": null, "status": "unused", "message": null } }

Get a repository webhook

Returns a webhook configured in a repository. To get only the webhook config properties, see "Get a webhook configuration for a repository."

“Get a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“Get a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Get a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

“Get a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "Repository", "id": 12345678, "name": "web", "active": true, "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "config": { "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }, "updated_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "created_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678", "test_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/test", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "last_response": { "code": null, "status": "unused", "message": null } }

Update a repository webhook

Updates a webhook configured in a repository. If you previously had a secret set, you must provide the same secret or set a new secret or the secret will be removed. If you are only updating individual webhook config properties, use "Update a webhook configuration for a repository."

“Update a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (write)

“Update a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
config object

Configuration object of the webhook

名称, 类型, 说明
url string

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

events array of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for. This replaces the entire array of events.

默认: ["push"]

add_events array of strings

Determines a list of events to be added to the list of events that the Hook triggers for.

remove_events array of strings

Determines a list of events to be removed from the list of events that the Hook triggers for.

active boolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

“Update a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Update a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID \ -d '{"active":true,"add_events":["pull_request"]}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "Repository", "id": 12345678, "name": "web", "active": true, "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "config": { "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }, "updated_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "created_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678", "test_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/test", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "last_response": { "code": null, "status": "unused", "message": null } }

Delete a repository webhook

“Delete a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (write)

“Delete a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Delete a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

“Delete a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 204

Get a webhook configuration for a repository

Returns the webhook configuration for a repository. To get more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Get a repository webhook."

OAuth app tokens and personal access tokens (classic) need the read:repo_hook or repo scope to use this endpoint.

“Get a webhook configuration for a repository”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“Get a webhook configuration for a repository”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Get a webhook configuration for a repository”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

“Get a webhook configuration for a repository”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/config

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

Update a webhook configuration for a repository

Updates the webhook configuration for a repository. To update more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Update a repository webhook."

OAuth app tokens and personal access tokens (classic) need the write:repo_hook or repo scope to use this endpoint.

“Update a webhook configuration for a repository”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (write)

“Update a webhook configuration for a repository”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
url string

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

“Update a webhook configuration for a repository”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

“Update a webhook configuration for a repository”的示例代码

请求示例

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/config \ -d '{"content_type":"json","url":"https://example.com/webhook"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

List deliveries for a repository webhook

Returns a list of webhook deliveries for a webhook configured in a repository.

“List deliveries for a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“List deliveries for a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

默认: 30

cursor string

Used for pagination: the starting delivery from which the page of deliveries is fetched. Refer to the link header for the next and previous page cursors.

redelivery boolean

“List deliveries for a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“List deliveries for a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 }, { "id": 123456789, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-04T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": true, "duration": 0.28, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 } ]

Get a delivery for a repository webhook

Returns a delivery for a webhook configured in a repository.

“Get a delivery for a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“Get a delivery for a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

delivery_id integer 必须

“Get a delivery for a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Get a delivery for a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456, "url": "https://www.example.com", "request": { "headers": { "X-GitHub-Delivery": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "X-Hub-Signature-256": "sha256=6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "Accept": "*/*", "X-GitHub-Hook-ID": "42", "User-Agent": "GitHub-Hookshot/b8c71d8", "X-GitHub-Event": "issues", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-ID": "123", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-Type": "repository", "content-type": "application/json", "X-Hub-Signature": "sha1=a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d" }, "payload": { "action": "opened", "issue": { "body": "foo" }, "repository": { "id": 123 } } }, "response": { "headers": { "Content-Type": "text/html;charset=utf-8" }, "payload": "ok" } }

Redeliver a delivery for a repository webhook

Redeliver a webhook delivery for a webhook configured in a repository.

“Redeliver a delivery for a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (write)

“Redeliver a delivery for a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

delivery_id integer 必须

“Redeliver a delivery for a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
202

Accepted

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Redeliver a delivery for a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}/attempts
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID/attempts

Accepted

Ping a repository webhook

This will trigger a ping event to be sent to the hook.

“Ping a repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“Ping a repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Ping a repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

“Ping a repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/pings
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/pings

Response

Status: 204

Test the push repository webhook

This will trigger the hook with the latest push to the current repository if the hook is subscribed to push events. If the hook is not subscribed to push events, the server will respond with 204 but no test POST will be generated.

Note: Previously /repos/:owner/:repo/hooks/:hook_id/test

“Test the push repository webhook”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Webhooks" repository permissions (read)

“Test the push repository webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Test the push repository webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

“Test the push repository webhook”的示例代码

请求示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/hooks/{hook_id}/tests
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/hooks/HOOK_ID/tests

Response

Status: 204