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REST API 现已经过版本控制。 有关详细信息,请参阅“关于 API 版本控制”。

组织 web 挂钩

使用 REST API 与组织中的 Webhook 进行交互。

关于组织 Webhook

利用组织 Webhook 可在组织内发生特定事件时接收 HTTP POST 有效负载。 有关详细信息,请参阅“关于 web 挂钩”。

作用域和限制

对组织 web 挂钩的所有操作都需要经过身份验证的用户是所管理组织的管理员。 此外,OAuth 标记需要 admin:org_hook 作用域。 有关详细信息,请参阅“OAuth 应用的范围”。

为了保护 web 挂钩配置中可能存在的敏感数据,我们还强制实施以下访问控制规则:

  • OAuth apps 无法列出、查看或编辑不是由它们创建的 Webhook。
  • 用户无法列出、查看或编辑由 OAuth apps 创建的 Webhook。

接收 web 挂钩

为了让 GitHub Enterprise Cloud 发送 web 挂钩有效负载,您的服务器需要能够从 Internet 访问。 我们还强烈建议使用 SSL,以便我们可以通过 HTTPS 发送加密的有效负载。

有关更多最佳做法,请参阅我们的指南

Web 挂钩标头

GitHub Enterprise Cloud 发送时将附带几个 HTTP 标头,以区分事件类型和有效负载标识符。 有关详细信息,请参阅 Webhook标头

List organization webhooks

适用于 GitHub Apps

“List organization webhooks”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

page integer

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认: 1

“List organization webhooks”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

“List organization webhooks”的示例代码

get/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" } ]

Create an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Here's how you can create a hook that posts payloads in JSON format:

“Create an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
name string 必须

Must be passed as "web".

config object 必须

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook.

名称, 类型, 说明
url string 必须

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

username string
password string
events array of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for. Set to ["*"] to receive all possible events.

默认: ["push"]

active boolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

“Create an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
201

Created

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Create an organization webhook”的示例代码

post/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks \ -d '{"name":"web","active":true,"events":["push","pull_request"],"config":{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Get an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a webhook configured in an organization. To get only the webhook config properties, see "Get a webhook configuration for an organization."

“Get an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Get an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

“Get an organization webhook”的示例代码

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Update an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Updates a webhook configured in an organization. When you update a webhook, the secret will be overwritten. If you previously had a secret set, you must provide the same secret or set a new secret or the secret will be removed. If you are only updating individual webhook config properties, use "Update a webhook configuration for an organization."

“Update an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
config object

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook.

名称, 类型, 说明
url string 必须

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

events array of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for.

默认: ["push"]

active boolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

name string

“Update an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Update an organization webhook”的示例代码

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID \ -d '{"active":true,"events":["pull_request"]}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Delete an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

“Delete an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Delete an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

“Delete an organization webhook”的示例代码

delete/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 204

Get a webhook configuration for an organization

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns the webhook configuration for an organization. To get more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Get an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:read permission.

“Get a webhook configuration for an organization”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Get a webhook configuration for an organization”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

“Get a webhook configuration for an organization”的示例代码

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

Update a webhook configuration for an organization

适用于 GitHub Apps

Updates the webhook configuration for an organization. To update more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Update an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:write permission.

“Update a webhook configuration for an organization”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
url string

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_type string

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secret string

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_ssl string or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

“Update a webhook configuration for an organization”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

“Update a webhook configuration for an organization”的示例代码

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config \ -d '{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json","insecure_ssl":"0","secret":"********"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

List deliveries for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a list of webhook deliveries for a webhook configured in an organization.

“List deliveries for an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

cursor string

Used for pagination: the starting delivery from which the page of deliveries is fetched. Refer to the link header for the next and previous page cursors.

redelivery boolean

“List deliveries for an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“List deliveries for an organization webhook”的示例代码

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 }, { "id": 123456789, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-04T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": true, "duration": 0.28, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 } ]

Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

“Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

delivery_id integer 必须

“Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook”的示例代码

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456, "url": "https://www.example.com", "request": { "headers": { "X-GitHub-Delivery": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "X-Hub-Signature-256": "sha256=6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "Accept": "*/*", "X-GitHub-Hook-ID": "42", "User-Agent": "GitHub-Hookshot/b8c71d8", "X-GitHub-Event": "issues", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-ID": "123", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-Type": "repository", "content-type": "application/json", "X-Hub-Signature": "sha1=a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d" }, "payload": { "action": "opened", "issue": { "body": "foo" }, "repository": { "id": 123 } } }, "response": { "headers": { "Content-Type": "text/html;charset=utf-8" }, "payload": "ok" } }

Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Redeliver a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

“Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

delivery_id integer 必须

“Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
202

Accepted

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook”的示例代码

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}/attempts
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID/attempts

Accepted

Ping an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

This will trigger a ping event to be sent to the hook.

“Ping an organization webhook”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
org string 必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_id integer 必须

The unique identifier of the hook. You can find this value in the X-GitHub-Hook-ID header of a webhook delivery.

“Ping an organization webhook”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

“Ping an organization webhook”的示例代码

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/pings
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/pings

Response

Status: 204