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Сведения о разрешениях для пакетов GitHub

Узнайте о том, как управлять разрешениями для пакетов.

The permissions for packages can be scoped either to a user or an organization or to a repository.

Granular permissions for user/organization-scoped packages

Packages with granular permissions are scoped to a personal account or organization. You can change the access control and visibility of the package separately from a repository that is connected (or linked) to a package.

The following GitHub Packages registries support granular permissions.

  • Container registry

Permissions for repository-scoped packages

A repository-scoped package inherits the permissions and visibility of the repository in which the package is published. You can find a package scoped to a repository by going to the main page of the repository and clicking the Packages link to the right of the page.

The following GitHub Packages registries only support repository-scoped permissions.

  • Docker registry (docker.pkg.github.com)
  • npm registry
  • Apache Maven registry
  • Gradle registry
  • NuGet registry
  • RubyGems registry

For the Container registry, you can choose to allow packages to be scoped to a user or an organization, or linked to a repository. For information about migration to the Container registry, see "Migrating to the Container registry from the Docker registry."

Visibility and access permissions for packages

If a package belongs to a registry that supports granular permissions, anyone with admin permissions to the package can set the package to private or public, and can grant access permissions for the package that are separate from the permissions set at the organization and repository levels. For the list of registries that support granular permissions, see "About permissions for GitHub Packages."

In most registries, to pull a package, you must authenticate with a personal access token or GITHUB_TOKEN, regardless of whether the package is public or private. However, in the Container registry, public packages allow anonymous access and can be pulled without authentication or signing in via the CLI.

When you publish a package, you automatically get admin permissions to the package. If you publish a package to an organization, anyone with the owner role in the organization also gets admin permissions to the package.

For packages scoped to a personal account, you can give any person an access role. For packages scoped to an organization, you can give any person or team in the organization an access role.

PermissionAccess description
ReadCan download package.
Can read package metadata.
WriteCan upload and download this package.
Can read and write package metadata.

For more information, see "Configuring a package's access control and visibility."

About scopes and permissions for package registries

To use or manage a package hosted by a package registry, you must use a personal access token with the appropriate scope, and your personal account must have appropriate permissions.

For example:

  • To download and install packages from a repository, your personal access token must have the read:packages scope, and your user account must have read permission.
  • To delete a package on GitHub Enterprise Server, your personal access token must at least have the delete:packages and read:packages scope. The repo scope is also required for repo-scoped packages. For more information, see "Deleting and restoring a package."
ScopeDescriptionRequired permission
read:packagesDownload and install packages from GitHub Packagesread
write:packagesUpload and publish packages to GitHub Packageswrite
delete:packagesDelete packages from GitHub Packagesadmin
repoUpload and delete packages (along with write:packages, or delete:packages)write or admin

When you create a GitHub Actions workflow, you can use the GITHUB_TOKEN to publish and install packages in GitHub Packages without needing to store and manage a personal access token.

For more information, see:

About repository transfers

You can transfer a repository to another personal account or organization. For more information, see "Transferring a repository."

When you transfer a repository, GitHub may transfer the packages associated with the repository, depending on the registry the packages belong to.

  • For registries that support granular permissions, packages are scoped to a personal account or organization, and the account associated with the package does not change when you transfer a repository. If you have linked a package to a repository, the link is removed when you transfer the repository to another user. Any GitHub Actions workflows associated with the repository will lose access to the package. If the package inherited its access permissions from the linked repository, users will lose access to the package. For the list of these registries, see "Granular permissions for user/organization-scoped packages" above.
  • For registries that only support repository-scoped permissions, packages are published directly to repositories, and GitHub transfers the packages associated with a repository as part of the repository transfer. All billable usage associated with the packages will subsequently be billed to the new owner of the repository. If the previous repository owner is removed as a collaborator on the repository, they may no longer be able to access the packages associated with the repository. For the list of these registries, see "Permissions for repository-scoped packages" above.

Maintaining access to packages in GitHub Actions workflows

To ensure your workflows will maintain access to your packages, ensure that you're using the right access token in your workflow and that you've enabled GitHub Actions access to your package.

For more conceptual background on GitHub Actions or examples of using packages in workflows, see "Managing GitHub packages using GitHub Actions workflows."

Access tokens

  • To publish and install packages associated with the workflow repository, use GITHUB_TOKEN.
  • To install packages associated with other private repositories that GITHUB_TOKEN can't access, use a personal access token

For more information about GITHUB_TOKEN used in GitHub Actions workflows, see "Automatic token authentication."