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We've recently moved some of the REST API documentation. If you can't find what you're looking for, you might try the new Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks REST API pages.

Содержимое репозитория

Используйте REST API для создания, изменения и удаления содержимого в кодировке Base64 в репозитории.

Сведения о содержимом репозитория

Чтобы запросить необработанный формат или отрисованный HTML (если он поддерживается), используйте пользовательские типы мультимедиа для содержимого репозитория.

Пользовательские типы мультимедиа для содержимого репозитория

Файлы сведений, файлы и символические ссылки поддерживают следующие пользовательские типы мультимедиа:

application/vnd.github.raw
application/vnd.github.html

Используйте тип мультимедиа .raw для получения содержимого файла.

Для файлов разметки, таких как Markdown или AsciiDoc, можно получить отрисованный HTML-код с помощью типа мультимедиа .html. Языки разметки отрисовываются в HTML с помощью библиотеки разметки с открытым кодом.

Все объекты поддерживают следующий пользовательский тип мультимедиа:

application/vnd.github.object

Используйте параметр типа objectмультимедиа для получения содержимого в согласованном формате объекта независимо от типа содержимого. Например, вместо массива объектов для каталога ответ будет объектом с атрибутом entries, содержащим массив объектов.

Дополнительные сведения об использовании типов мультимедиа в API см. здесь.

Get repository content

Работа с GitHub Apps

Gets the contents of a file or directory in a repository. Specify the file path or directory in :path. If you omit :path, you will receive the contents of the repository's root directory. See the description below regarding what the API response includes for directories.

Files and symlinks support a custom media type for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML (when supported). All content types support a custom media type to ensure the content is returned in a consistent object format.

Notes:

  • To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree.
  • This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API.
  • Download URLs expire and are meant to be used just once. To ensure the download URL does not expire, please use the contents API to obtain a fresh download URL for each download.
  • This API supports files up to 1 megabyte in size.

If the content is a directory

The response will be an array of objects, one object for each item in the directory. When listing the contents of a directory, submodules have their "type" specified as "file". Logically, the value should be "submodule". This behavior exists in API v3 for backwards compatibility purposes. In the next major version of the API, the type will be returned as "submodule".

If the requested :path points to a symlink, and the symlink's target is a normal file in the repository, then the API responds with the content of the file (in the format shown in the example. Otherwise, the API responds with an object describing the symlink itself.

If the content is a submodule

The submodule_git_url identifies the location of the submodule repository, and the sha identifies a specific commit within the submodule repository. Git uses the given URL when cloning the submodule repository, and checks out the submodule at that specific commit.

If the submodule repository is not hosted on github.com, the Git URLs (git_url and _links["git"]) and the github.com URLs (html_url and _links["html"]) will have null values.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringОбязательно

path parameter

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

302

Found

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH

Response if content is a file

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "IyBZb2dhIEJvmsgaW4gcHJvZ3Jlc3MhIEZlZWwgdAoKOndhcm5pbmc6IFdvc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\\nIHdvcmtmbG93Lgo=\\n", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Create or update file contents

Работа с GitHub Apps

Creates a new file or replaces an existing file in a repository. You must authenticate using an access token with the workflow scope to use this endpoint.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Delete a file" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringОбязательно

path parameter

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
messagestringОбязательно

The commit message.

contentstringОбязательно

The new file content, using Base64 encoding.

shastring

Required if you are updating a file. The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

The person that committed the file. Default: the authenticated user.

Имя, Тип, Описание
namestringОбязательно

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstringОбязательно

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring
authorobject

The author of the file. Default: The committer or the authenticated user if you omit committer.

Имя, Тип, Описание
namestringОбязательно

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstringОбязательно

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

put/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"content":"bXkgbmV3IGZpbGUgY29udGVudHM="}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "content": { "name": "hello.txt", "path": "notes/hello.txt", "sha": "95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "size": 9, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octocat/HelloWorld/master/notes/hello.txt", "type": "file", "_links": { "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt" } }, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Delete a file

Работа с GitHub Apps

Deletes a file in a repository.

You can provide an additional committer parameter, which is an object containing information about the committer. Or, you can provide an author parameter, which is an object containing information about the author.

The author section is optional and is filled in with the committer information if omitted. If the committer information is omitted, the authenticated user's information is used.

You must provide values for both name and email, whether you choose to use author or committer. Otherwise, you'll receive a 422 status code.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Create or update file contents" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringОбязательно

path parameter

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
messagestringОбязательно

The commit message.

shastringОбязательно

The blob SHA of the file being deleted.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

object containing information about the committer.

Имя, Тип, Описание
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

authorobject

object containing information about the author.

Имя, Тип, Описание
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

503

Service unavailable

Примеры кода

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"sha":"329688480d39049927147c162b9d2deaf885005f"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content": null, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Get a repository README

Работа с GitHub Apps

Gets the preferred README for a repository.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Get a repository README for a directory

Работа с GitHub Apps

Gets the README from a repository directory.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

dirstringОбязательно

The alternate path to look for a README file

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme/{dir}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme/DIR

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Download a repository archive (tar)

Работа с GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a tar archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
302

Found

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/tarball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/tarball/REF

Response

Status: 302

Download a repository archive (zip)

Работа с GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a zip archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request.

Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes. If the repository is empty, you will receive a 404 when you follow the redirect.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
302

Found

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/zipball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/zipball/REF

Response

Status: 302