You can set up code scanning to check the code in a repository using the default CodeQL analysis, a third-party analysis, or multiple types of analysis. When the analysis is complete, the resulting alerts are displayed alongside each other in the security view of the repository. Results from third-party tools or from custom queries may not include all of the properties that you see for alerts detected by GitHub's default CodeQL analysis. For more information, see "Setting up code scanning for a repository."
By default, code scanning analyzes your code periodically on the default branch and during pull requests. For information about managing alerts on a pull request, see "Triaging code scanning alerts in pull requests."
Each alert highlights a problem with the code and the name of the tool that identified it. You can see the line of code that triggered the alert, as well as properties of the alert, such as the alert severity, security severity, and the nature of the problem. Alerts also tell you when the issue was first introduced. For alerts identified by CodeQL analysis, you will also see information on how to fix the problem.
If you set up code scanning using CodeQL, you can also find data-flow problems in your code. Data-flow analysis finds potential security issues in code, such as: using data insecurely, passing dangerous arguments to functions, and leaking sensitive information.
When code scanning reports data-flow alerts, GitHub shows you how data moves through the code. Code scanning allows you to identify the areas of your code that leak sensitive information, and that could be the entry point for attacks by malicious users.
Alert severity levels may be
If code scanning is enabled as a pull request check, the check will fail if it detects any results with a severity of
error. You can specify which severity level of code scanning alerts causes a check failure. For more information, see "Defining the severities causing pull request check failure."
Code scanning displays security severity levels for alerts that are generated by security queries. Security severity levels can be
To calculate the security severity of an alert, we use Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) data. CVSS is an open framework for communicating the characteristics and severity of software vulnerabilities, and is commonly used by other security products to score alerts. For more information about how severity levels are calculated, see this blog post.
By default, any code scanning results with a security severity of
High will cause a check failure. You can specify which security severity level for code scanning results should cause a check failure. For more information, see "Defining the severities causing pull request check failure."
GitHub AE assigns a category label to alerts that are not found in application code. The label relates to the location of the alert.
- Generated: Code generated by the build process
- Test: Test code
- Library: Library or third-party code
- Documentation: Documentation
Code scanning categorizes files by file path. You cannot manually categorize source files.
Here is an example from the code scanning alert list of an alert marked as occurring in library code.
On the alert page, you can see that the filepath is marked as library code (