我们经常发布文档更新,此页面的翻译可能仍在进行中。有关最新信息,请访问英文文档。如果此页面上的翻译有问题,请告诉我们

About alerts for vulnerable dependencies

GitHub sends Dependabot alerts when we detect vulnerabilities affecting your repository.

本文内容

About vulnerable dependencies

漏洞是项目代码中的问题,可能被利用来损害机密性、完整性或者该项目或其他使用其代码的项目的可用性。 漏洞的类型、严重性和攻击方法各不相同。

When your code depends on a package that has a security vulnerability, this vulnerable dependency can cause a range of problems for your project or the people who use it.

Detection of vulnerable dependencies

Dependabot detects vulnerable dependencies and sends Dependabot alerts when:

For a list of the ecosystems that GitHub can detect vulnerabilities and dependencies for, see "Supported package ecosystems."

Note: It is important to keep your manifest and lock files up to date. If the dependency graph doesn't accurately reflect your current dependencies and versions, then you could miss alerts for vulnerable dependencies that you use. You may also get alerts for dependencies that you no longer use.

Dependabot alerts for vulnerable dependencies

GitHub detects vulnerable dependencies in public repositories and generates Dependabot alerts by default. Owners of private repositories, or people with admin access, can enable Dependabot alerts by enabling the dependency graph and Dependabot alerts for their repositories.

You can also enable or disable Dependabot alerts for all repositories owned by your user account or organization. For more information, see "Managing security and analysis settings for your user account" or "Managing security and analysis settings for your organization."

GitHub starts generating the dependency graph immediately and generates alerts for any vulnerable dependencies as soon as they are identified. The graph is usually populated within minutes but this may take longer for repositories with many dependencies. For more information, see "Managing data use settings for your private repository."

When GitHub identifies a vulnerable dependency, we generate a Dependabot alert and display it on the Security tab for the repository. The alert includes a link to the affected file in the project, and information about a fixed version. GitHub also notifies the maintainers of affected repositories about the new alert according to their notification preferences. For more information, see "Configuring notifications for vulnerable dependencies."

For repositories where Dependabot security updates are enabled, the alert may also contain a link to a pull request to update the manifest or lock file to the minimum version that resolves the vulnerability. For more information, see "About Dependabot security updates."

Note: GitHub's security features do not claim to catch all vulnerabilities. Though we are always trying to update our vulnerability database and generate alerts with our most up-to-date information, we will not be able to catch everything or tell you about known vulnerabilities within a guaranteed time frame. These features are not substitutes for human review of each dependency for potential vulnerabilities or any other issues, and we recommend consulting with a security service or conducting a thorough vulnerability review when necessary.

Access to Dependabot alerts

You can see all of the alerts that affect a particular project on the repository's Security tab or in the repository's dependency graph. For more information, see "Viewing and updating vulnerable dependencies in your repository."

By default, we notify people with admin permissions in the affected repositories about new Dependabot alerts. GitHub never publicly discloses identified vulnerabilities for any repository. You can also make Dependabot alerts visible to additional people or teams working repositories that you own or have admin permissions for. For more information, see "Managing security and analysis settings for your repository."

您可以选择传送您所关注的仓库中Dependabot alerts的方式,以及您接收通知的频率。 For more information, see "Configuring notifications for vulnerable dependencies."

Further reading

此文档对您有帮助吗?

Privacy policy

帮助我们创建出色的文档!

所有 GitHub 文档都是开源的。看到错误或不清楚的内容了吗?提交拉取请求。

做出贡献

或, 了解如何参与。