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Resolving a merge conflict on GitHub

You can resolve simple merge conflicts that involve competing line changes on GitHub, using the conflict editor.

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You can only resolve merge conflicts on GitHub that are caused by competing line changes, such as when people make different changes to the same line of the same file on different branches in your Git repository. For all other types of merge conflicts, you must resolve the conflict locally on the command line. For more information, see "Resolving a merge conflict using the command line."

Warning: When you resolve a merge conflict on GitHub, the entire base branch of your pull request is merged into the head branch. Make sure you really want to commit to this branch. If the head branch is the default branch of your repository, you'll be given the option of creating a new branch to serve as the head branch for your pull request. If the head branch is protected you won't be able to merge your conflict resolution into it, so you'll be prompted to create a new head branch. For more information, see "About protected branches."

  1. 在仓库名称下,单击 Pull requests(拉取请求)

    议题和拉取请求选项卡选择

  2. In the "Pull Requests" list, click the pull request with a merge conflict that you'd like to resolve.

  3. Near the bottom of your pull request, click Resolve conflicts.

    Resolve merge conflicts button

    Tip: If the Resolve conflicts button is deactivated, your pull request's merge conflict is too complex to resolve on GitHub. You must resolve the merge conflict using an alternative Git client, or by using Git on the command line. For more information see "Resolving a merge conflict using the command line."

  4. 决定您是否想只保持分支的更改、只保持其他分支的更改,还是进行全新的更改(可能包含两个分支的更改)。 删除冲突标记 <<<<<<<, =======, >>>>>>> 并在最终合并中进行所需的更改。

    View merge conflict example with conflict markers

  5. If you have more than one merge conflict in your file, scroll down to the next set of conflict markers and repeat steps four and five to resolve your merge conflict.

  6. Once you've resolved all the conflicts in the file, click Mark as resolved.

    Click mark as resolved button

  7. If you have more than one file with a conflict, select the next file you want to edit on the left side of the page under "conflicting files" and repeat steps four through seven until you've resolved all of your pull request's merge conflicts.

    Select next conflicting file if applicable

  8. Once you've resolved all your merge conflicts, click Commit merge. This merges the entire base branch into your head branch.

    Resolve merge conflicts button

  9. If prompted, review the branch that you are committing to.

    If the head branch is the default branch of the repository, you can choose either to update this branch with the changes you made to resolve the conflict, or to create a new branch and use this as the head branch of the pull request.

    Prompt to review the branch that will be updated

    If you choose to create a new branch, enter a name for the branch.

    If the head branch of your pull request is protected you must create a new branch. You won't get the option to update the protected branch.

    Click Create branch and update my pull request or I understand, continue updating BRANCH. The button text corresponds to the action you are performing.

  10. To merge your pull request, click Merge pull request. For more information about other pull request merge options, see "Merging a pull request."

Further reading

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