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About code scanning alerts

Learn about the different types of code scanning alerts and the information that helps you understand the problem each alert highlights.

代码扫描 可用于 GitHub Enterprise Server 中的组织拥有的存储库。 此功能需要 GitHub Advanced Security 的许可证。 更多信息请参阅“GitHub 的产品”。

Note: Your site administrator must enable 代码扫描 for 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 before you can use this feature. For more information, see "Configuring 代码扫描 for your appliance."

About alerts from 代码扫描

You can set up 代码扫描 to check the code in a repository using the default CodeQL analysis, a third-party analysis, or multiple types of analysis. When the analysis is complete, the resulting alerts are displayed alongside each other in the security view of the repository. Results from third-party tools or from custom queries may not include all of the properties that you see for alerts detected by GitHub's default CodeQL analysis. For more information, see "Setting up 代码扫描 for a repository."

By default, 代码扫描 analyzes your code periodically on the default branch and during pull requests. For information about managing alerts on a pull request, see "Triaging 代码扫描 alerts in pull requests."

About alert details

Each alert highlights a problem with the code and the name of the tool that identified it. You can see the line of code that triggered the alert, as well as properties of the alert, such as the alert severity, security severity, and the nature of the problem. Alerts also tell you when the issue was first introduced. For alerts identified by CodeQL analysis, you will also see information on how to fix the problem.

Example alert from 代码扫描

If you set up 代码扫描 using CodeQL, you can also find data-flow problems in your code. Data-flow analysis finds potential security issues in code, such as: using data insecurely, passing dangerous arguments to functions, and leaking sensitive information.

When 代码扫描 reports data-flow alerts, GitHub shows you how data moves through the code. 代码扫描 allows you to identify the areas of your code that leak sensitive information, and that could be the entry point for attacks by malicious users.

About severity levels

Alert severity levels may be Error, Warning, or Note.

If 代码扫描 is enabled as a pull request check, the check will fail if it detects any results with a severity of error. You can specify which severity level of code scanning alerts causes a check failure. For more information, see "Defining the severities causing pull request check failure."

About security severity levels

代码扫描 displays security severity levels for alerts that are generated by security queries. Security severity levels can be Critical, High, Medium, or Low.

To calculate the security severity of an alert, we use Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) data. CVSS is an open framework for communicating the characteristics and severity of software vulnerabilities, and is commonly used by other security products to score alerts. For more information about how severity levels are calculated, see this blog post.

By default, any 代码扫描 results with a security severity of Critical or High will cause a check failure. You can specify which security severity level for 代码扫描 results should cause a check failure. For more information, see "Defining the severities causing pull request check failure."

About labels for alerts that are not found in application code

GitHub Enterprise Server assigns a category label to alerts that are not found in application code. The label relates to the location of the alert.

  • Generated: Code generated by the build process
  • Test: Test code
  • Library: Library or third-party code
  • Documentation: Documentation

代码扫描 categorizes files by file path. You cannot manually categorize source files.

Here is an example from the 代码扫描 alert list of an alert marked as occurring in library code.

Code scanning library alert in list

On the alert page, you can see that the filepath is marked as library code (Library label).

Code scanning library alert details