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在 VMware 上安装 GitHub Enterprise Server

要在 VMWare 上安装 GitHub Enterprise Server,您必须下载 VMWare vSphere 客户端,然后下载并部署 GitHub Enterprise Server 软件。



Minimum requirements

We recommend different hardware configurations depending on the number of user licenses for 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例. If you provision more resources than the minimum requirements, your instance will perform and scale better.

User licensesvCPUsMemoryAttached storageRoot storage
Trial, demo, or 10 light users432 GB150 GB200 GB
10 to 3,000848 GB300 GB200 GB
3,000 to 50001264 GB500 GB200 GB
5,000 to 80001696 GB750 GB200 GB
8,000 to 10,000+20160 GB1000 GB200 GB

If you plan to enable GitHub Actions for the users of your instance, more resources are required.

864 GB300 个作业
16128 GB700 个作业
32160 GB1500 个作业
64256 GB2500 个作业
96384 GB4500 个作业
128550 GB5000 个作业

For more information about these requirements, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

有关为现有实例调整资源的更多信息,请参阅“增加存储容量”和“增加 CPU 或内存资源”。


We recommend a high-performance SSD with high input/output operations per second (IOPS) and low latency for GitHub Enterprise Server. Workloads are I/O intensive. If you use a bare metal hypervisor, we recommend directly attaching the disk or using a disk from a storage area network (SAN).

Your instance requires a persistent data disk separate from the root disk. For more information, see "System overview."

To configure GitHub Actions, you must provide external blob storage. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

The available space on the root filesystem will be 50% of the total disk size. You can resize your instance's root disk by building a new instance or using an existing instance. For more information, see "System overview" and "Increasing storage capacity."

CPU and memory

The CPU and memory resources that GitHub Enterprise Server requires depend on the levels of activity for users, automations, and integrations.

If you plan to enable GitHub Actions for the users of your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, you may need to provision additional CPU and memory resources for your instance. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

增加 CPU 资源时,我们建议为实例预配的每个 vCPU(最多 16 个 vCPU)增加至少 6.5 GB 的内存。 如果您使用的 vCPU 超过 16 个,则无需为每个 vCPU 添加 6.5 GB 内存,但应监控您的实例以确保其有足够的内存。

Warning: We recommend that users configure webhook events to notify external systems of activity on GitHub Enterprise Server. Automated checks for changes, or polling, will negatively impact the performance and scalability of your instance. For more information, see "About webhooks."

For more information about monitoring the capacity and performance of GitHub Enterprise Server, see "Monitoring your appliance."

You can increase your instance's CPU or memory resources. For more information, see "Increasing CPU or memory resources."

下载 GitHub Enterprise Server 映像

  1. 下载许可. 更多信息请参阅“下载 GitHub Enterprise 的许可”。

  2. 导航到要用于新实例的映像。

  3. 在“GitHub 本地”下,选择“Select your hypervisor(选择您的虚拟机管理程序)”下拉菜单,然后单击 VMware ESXi/vSphere (OVA)

  4. 单击 Download for VMware ESXi/vSphere (OVA)

创建 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例

要创建实例,需要将 GitHub Enterprise Server 映像导入虚拟机,并为实例数据附加额外的存储卷。 更多信息请参阅“硬件考量因素”。

  1. 使用 vSphere Windows Client 或 vCenter Web Client 导入您下载的 GitHub Enterprise Server 映像。 有关说明,请参阅 VMware 指南“部署 OVF 或 OVA 模板”。
    • 选择数据存储时,请选择空间足以容纳 VM 磁盘的数据存储。 有关建议为实例使用的最低硬件规格,请参阅“硬件考量因素”。 建议采用支持延迟归零的密集预配。
    • Power on after deployment 框保持取消选中状态,因为您需要在配置 VM 后为仓库数据添加连接的存储卷。
  2. 创建新虚拟磁盘以用作实例数据的附加存储卷,并根据您的用户许可数配置大小。 有关说明,请参阅 VMware 指南“向虚拟机添加新硬盘”。

配置 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例

  1. 复制虚拟机的公共 DNS 名称,然后将其粘贴到 web 浏览器中。
  2. 在提示时上传许可文件并设置管理控制台密码。 更多信息请参阅“管理 GitHub Enterprise 的许可”。
  3. 管理控制台 中,配置并保存您所需的设置。 更多信息请参阅“配置 GitHub Enterprise Server 设备”。
  4. 实例将自动重启。
  5. 单击 Visit your instance(访问您的实例)