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此版本的 GitHub Enterprise 已停止服务 2022-06-03. 即使针对重大安全问题,也不会发布补丁。 要获得更好的性能、改进的安全性和新功能,请升级到 GitHub Enterprise 的最新版本。 如需升级方面的帮助,请联系 GitHub Enterprise 支持

Set up Git

At the heart of GitHub is an open source version control system (VCS) called Git. Git is responsible for everything GitHub-related that happens locally on your computer.

Using Git

To use Git on the command line, you will need to download, install, and configure Git on your computer. You can also install GitHub CLI to use GitHub from the command line. For more information, see "About GitHub CLI."

If you want to work with Git locally, but do not want to use the command line, you can instead download and install the GitHub Desktop client. For more information, see "Installing and configuring GitHub Desktop."

If you do not need to work with files locally, GitHub Enterprise Server lets you complete many Git-related actions directly in the browser, including:

Setting up Git

  1. Download and install the latest version of Git.

Note: If you are using a Chrome OS device, additional set up is required:

  1. Install a terminal emulator such as Termux from the Google Play Store on your Chrome OS device.
  2. From the terminal emulator that you installed, install Git. For example, in Termux, enter apt install git and then type y when prompted.
  1. Set your username in Git.
  2. Set your commit email address in Git.

Authenticating with GitHub from Git

When you connect to a GitHub repository from Git, you will need to authenticate with GitHub Enterprise Server using either HTTPS or SSH.

Note: You can authenticate to GitHub Enterprise Server using GitHub CLI, for either HTTP or SSH. For more information, see gh auth login.

If you clone with HTTPS, you can cache your GitHub credentials in Git using a credential helper. For more information, see "Cloning with HTTPS urls" and "Caching your GitHub credentials in Git."

Connecting over SSH

If you clone with SSH, you must generate SSH keys on each computer you use to push or pull from GitHub Enterprise Server. For more information, see "Cloning with SSH urls" and "Generating a new SSH key."

Next steps

You now have Git and GitHub all set up. You may now choose to create a repository where you can put your projects. Saving your code in a repository allows you to back up your code and share it around the world.

  • Creating a repository for your project allows you to store code in GitHub. This provides a backup of your work that you can choose to share with other developers. For more information, see “Create a repository.".

  • Forking a repository will allow you to make changes to another repository without affecting the original. 更多信息请参阅“复刻仓库”。

  • GitHub 中的每个仓库均归个人或组织所有。 您可以在 GitHub Enterprise Server 上连接和关注人员、仓库和组织以与之进行交互。 更多信息请参阅“社交”。

  • GitHub 有一个强大的支持社区,您可以在那里寻求帮助并与来自世界各地的人交谈。 � 入 GitHub 支持社区的对话。