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组织 web 挂钩

使用 REST API 与组织中的 Webhook 进行交互。

关于组织 Webhook

利用组织 Webhook 可在组织内发生特定事件时接收 HTTP POST 有效负载。 有关详细信息,请参阅“关于 Webhook”。

作用域和限制

对组织 web 挂钩的所有操作都需要经过身份验证的用户是所管理组织的管理员。 此外,OAuth 标记需要 admin:org_hook 作用域。 有关详细信息,请参阅“OAuth 应用的作用域”。

为了保护 web 挂钩配置中可能存在的敏感数据,我们还强制实施以下访问控制规则:

  • OAuth 应用程序无法列出、查看或编辑不是它们创建的 web 挂钩。
  • 用户无法列出、查看或编辑由 OAuth 应用程序创建的 web 挂钩。

接收 web 挂钩

为了让 GitHub Enterprise Server 发送 web 挂钩有效负载,您的服务器需要能够从 Internet 访问。 我们还强烈建议使用 SSL,以便我们可以通过 HTTPS 发送加密的有效负载。

有关更多最佳做法,请参阅我们的指南

Web 挂钩标头

GitHub Enterprise Server 发送时将附带几个 HTTP 标头,以区分事件类型和有效负载标识符。 有关详细信息,请参阅 Webhook标头

List organization webhooks

适用于 GitHub Apps

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认: 1

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" } ]

Create an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Here's how you can create a hook that posts payloads in JSON format:

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
namestring必须

Must be passed as "web".

configobject必须

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook. These are defined below.

名称, 类型, 说明
urlstring必须

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

usernamestring
passwordstring
eventsarray of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for. Set to ["*"] to receive all possible events.

默认: ["push"]

activeboolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
201

Created

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

代码示例

post/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks \ -d '{"name":"web","active":true,"events":["push","pull_request"],"config":{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Get an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a webhook configured in an organization. To get only the webhook config properties, see "Get a webhook configuration for an organization."

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Update an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Updates a webhook configured in an organization. When you update a webhook, the secret will be overwritten. If you previously had a secret set, you must provide the same secret or set a new secret or the secret will be removed. If you are only updating individual webhook config properties, use "Update a webhook configuration for an organization."

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
configobject

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook. These are defined below.

名称, 类型, 说明
urlstring必须

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

eventsarray of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for.

默认: ["push"]

activeboolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

默认: true

namestring

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

代码示例

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID \ -d '{"active":true,"events":["pull_request"]}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Delete an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

代码示例

delete/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 204

Get a webhook configuration for an organization

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns the webhook configuration for an organization. To get more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Get an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:read permission.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

代码示例

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

Update a webhook configuration for an organization

适用于 GitHub Apps

Updates the webhook configuration for an organization. To update more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Update an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:write permission.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
urlstring

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

代码示例

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config \ -d '{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json","insecure_ssl":"0","secret":"********"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

List deliveries for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a list of webhook deliveries for a webhook configured in an organization.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

cursorstring

Used for pagination: the starting delivery from which the page of deliveries is fetched. Refer to the link header for the next and previous page cursors.

redeliveryboolean

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

代码示例

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 }, { "id": 123456789, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-04T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": true, "duration": 0.28, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 } ]

Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Returns a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

delivery_idinteger必须

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

代码示例

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456, "url": "https://www.example.com", "request": { "headers": { "X-GitHub-Delivery": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "X-Hub-Signature-256": "sha256=6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "Accept": "*/*", "X-GitHub-Hook-ID": "42", "User-Agent": "GitHub-Hookshot/b8c71d8", "X-GitHub-Event": "issues", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-ID": "123", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-Type": "repository", "content-type": "application/json", "X-Hub-Signature": "sha1=a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d" }, "payload": { "action": "opened", "issue": { "body": "foo" }, "repository": { "id": 123 } } }, "response": { "headers": { "Content-Type": "text/html;charset=utf-8" }, "payload": "ok" } }

Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

Redeliver a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

delivery_idinteger必须

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
202

Accepted

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

代码示例

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}/attempts
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID/attempts

Accepted

Ping an organization webhook

适用于 GitHub Apps

This will trigger a ping event to be sent to the hook.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
orgstring必须

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idinteger必须

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

代码示例

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/pings
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/pings

Response

Status: 204