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We've recently moved some of the REST API documentation. If you can't find what you're looking for, you might try the new Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks REST API pages.

提交状态

使用 REST API 与提交状态交互。

关于提交状态

可以使用 REST API 允许外部服务将提交标记为 errorfailurependingsuccess 状态,然后在涉及这些提交的拉取请求中反映出来。 状态还可以选择包含 descriptiontarget_url,强烈建议使用它们,因为它们使状态在 GitHub UI 中更有用。

例如,持续集成服务的一个常见用途是使用状态将提交标记为通过或失败的构建。 target_url 将是到构建输出的完整 URL,而 description 将是构建过程中发生情况的高级摘要。

状态可以包括 context 以指示提供该状态的服务是什么。 例如,你可以让持续集成服务推送上下文为 ci 的状态,让安全审核工具推送上下文为 security 的状态。 然后,可以使用 REST API 获取组合状态作为特定引用来检索提交的完整状态。

请注意,repo:status OAuth 范围授予对状态的目标访问权限,而不授予对存储库代码的访问权限,同时 repo 范围授予对代码和状态的权限。

如果你正在开发 GitHub 应用,并希望提供有关外部服务的更详细信息,则可能需要使用 REST API 来管理检查。 有关详细信息,请参阅“检查”。

Get the combined status for a specific reference

适用于 GitHub Apps

Users with pull access in a repository can access a combined view of commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name.

Additionally, a combined state is returned. The state is one of:

  • failure if any of the contexts report as error or failure
  • pending if there are no statuses or a context is pending
  • success if the latest status for all contexts is success

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
ownerstring必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必须

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必须

ref parameter

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认: 1

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/status
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/status

Response

Status: 200
{ "state": "success", "statuses": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z" }, { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/other_user_happy.gif", "id": 2, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMg==", "state": "success", "description": "Testing has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/2000/output", "context": "security/brakeman", "created_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z" } ], "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "total_count": 2, "repository": { "id": 1296269, "node_id": "MDEwOlJlcG9zaXRvcnkxMjk2MjY5", "name": "Hello-World", "full_name": "octocat/Hello-World", "owner": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "private": false, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "description": "This your first repo!", "fork": false, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World", "archive_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/{archive_format}{/ref}", "assignees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/assignees{/user}", "blobs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs{/sha}", "branches_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches{/branch}", "collaborators_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/collaborators{/collaborator}", "comments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/comments{/number}", "commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits{/sha}", "compare_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/{base}...{head}", "contents_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/{+path}", "contributors_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contributors", "deployments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/deployments", "downloads_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/downloads", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/events", "forks_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/forks", "git_commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits{/sha}", "git_refs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs{/sha}", "git_tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags{/sha}", "git_url": "git:github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "issue_comment_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/comments{/number}", "issue_events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/events{/number}", "issues_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues{/number}", "keys_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/keys{/key_id}", "labels_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels{/name}", "languages_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/languages", "merges_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/merges", "milestones_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones{/number}", "notifications_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/notifications{?since,all,participating}", "pulls_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls{/number}", "releases_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/releases{/id}", "ssh_url": "git@github.com:octocat/Hello-World.git", "stargazers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/stargazers", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/{sha}", "subscribers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscribers", "subscription_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscription", "tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tags", "teams_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/teams", "trees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees{/sha}", "hooks_url": "http://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks" }, "commit_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/status" }

List commit statuses for a reference

适用于 GitHub Apps

Users with pull access in a repository can view commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name. Statuses are returned in reverse chronological order. The first status in the list will be the latest one.

This resource is also available via a legacy route: GET /repos/:owner/:repo/statuses/:ref.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
ownerstring必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必须

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必须

ref parameter

查询参数
名称, 类型, 说明
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认: 1

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

301

Moved permanently

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/statuses
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/statuses

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } } ]

Create a commit status

适用于 GitHub Apps

Users with push access in a repository can create commit statuses for a given SHA.

Note: there is a limit of 1000 statuses per sha and context within a repository. Attempts to create more than 1000 statuses will result in a validation error.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
ownerstring必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必须

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

shastring必须
正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
statestring必须

The state of the status.

可以是以下选项之一: error, failure, pending, success

target_urlstring or null

The target URL to associate with this status. This URL will be linked from the GitHub UI to allow users to easily see the source of the status.
For example, if your continuous integration system is posting build status, you would want to provide the deep link for the build output for this specific SHA:
http://ci.example.com/user/repo/build/sha

descriptionstring or null

A short description of the status.

contextstring

A string label to differentiate this status from the status of other systems. This field is case-insensitive.

默认: default

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
201

Created

代码示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/statuses/{sha}
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/statuses/SHA \ -d '{"state":"success","target_url":"https://example.com/build/status","description":"The build succeeded!","context":"continuous-integration/jenkins"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } }