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Esta versão do GitHub Enterprise foi descontinuada em 2022-06-03. Nenhum lançamento de patch será feito, mesmo para questões críticas de segurança. Para obter melhor desempenho, melhorar a segurança e novos recursos, upgrade to the latest version of GitHub Enterprise. Para ajuda com a atualização, contact GitHub Enterprise support.

We've recently moved some of the REST API documentation. If you can't find what you're looking for, you might try the new Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks REST API pages.

Implantações

A API de implantações permite que você crie e exclua implantações e ambientes de implantação.

Sobre a API de implantações

As implantações são solicitações para implantar um ref específico (branch, SHA, tag). O GitHub envia um evento de implantação pelo qual os serviços externos podem ouvir e atuar quando novas implantações são criadas. As implantações permitem que os desenvolvedores e as organizações construam ferramentas associadas em torno de implantações sem ter que se preocupar com os detalhes de implementação da entrega de diferentes tipos de aplicativos (p. ex., web, nativo).

Os status de implantação externos permitem marcar implantações com error, failure, pending, in_progress, queued ou success afirmar que os sistemas que estão escutando os eventos deployment_status podem consumir.

Os status de implantação também podem incluir uma descrição opcional e log_url, que são altamente recomendados porque tornam o status de implantação mais útil. O log_url é a URL completa para a saída de implantação e a descrição é um resumo de alto nível do que aconteceu com a implantação.

O GitHub envia os eventos de implantação e deployment_status quando novas implantações de status de implantação são criadas. Esses eventos permitem que as integrações de terceiros recebam resposta para solicitações de implantação e atualizem o status de implantação conforme o progresso é feito.

Abaixo está um diagrama de sequência sobre para como essas interações funcionariam.

+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
| Tooling |             | GitHub |            | 3rd Party |        | Your Server |
+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Create Deployment   |                       |                     |
     |--------------------->|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Deployment Created  |                       |                     |
     |<---------------------|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Event    |                     |
     |                      |---------------------->|                     |
     |                      |                       |     SSH+Deploys     |
     |                      |                       |-------------------->|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |   Deploy Completed  |
     |                      |                       |<--------------------|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |

Tenha em mente que o GitHub nunca terá acesso aos seus servidores. Cabe à sua integração de terceiros interagir com os eventos de implantação. Vários sistemas podem ouvir eventos de implantação, e cabe a cada um desses sistemas decidir se serão responsáveis por retirar o código dos seus servidores, criar código nativo, etc.

Observe que o repo_deployment OAuth escopo concede acesso direcionado a implantações e status sem conceder acesso ao código do repositório, enquanto os es escopos public_repo erepositório também concedem permissão para codificar.

Implantações inativas

Ao definir o estado de uma implantação como sucesso, todas as implantações de ambiente de não produção e não transitórios anteriores no mesmo nome do ambiente irão tornar-se inativas. Para evitar isso, você pode definir auto_inactive como falso ao criar o status de implantação.

Você pode informar que um ambiente transitório não existe mais definindo seu estado como inativo. Definir o estado como inativo mostra a implantação como destruída em GitHub e remove o acesso a ela.

List deployments

Works with GitHub Apps

Simple filtering of deployments is available via query parameters:

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Ver aviso de pré-visualização
Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Parâmetros de consulta
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
shastring

The SHA recorded at creation time.

Padrão: none

refstring

The name of the ref. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

Padrão: none

taskstring

The name of the task for the deployment (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Padrão: none

environmentstring or null

The name of the environment that was deployed to (e.g., staging or production).

Padrão: none

per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Padrão: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Padrão: 1

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
200

OK

Amostras de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true } ]

Aviso de pré-visualização

The inactive state and the log_url, environment_url, and auto_inactive parameters are currently available for developers to preview. Please see the blog post for full details.

To access the API during the preview period, you must provide a custom media type in the Accept header:

application/vnd.github.ant-man-preview+json

Create a deployment

Works with GitHub Apps

Deployments offer a few configurable parameters with certain defaults.

The ref parameter can be any named branch, tag, or SHA. At GitHub Enterprise Server we often deploy branches and verify them before we merge a pull request.

The environment parameter allows deployments to be issued to different runtime environments. Teams often have multiple environments for verifying their applications, such as production, staging, and qa. This parameter makes it easier to track which environments have requested deployments. The default environment is production.

The auto_merge parameter is used to ensure that the requested ref is not behind the repository's default branch. If the ref is behind the default branch for the repository, we will attempt to merge it for you. If the merge succeeds, the API will return a successful merge commit. If merge conflicts prevent the merge from succeeding, the API will return a failure response.

By default, commit statuses for every submitted context must be in a success state. The required_contexts parameter allows you to specify a subset of contexts that must be success, or to specify contexts that have not yet been submitted. You are not required to use commit statuses to deploy. If you do not require any contexts or create any commit statuses, the deployment will always succeed.

The payload parameter is available for any extra information that a deployment system might need. It is a JSON text field that will be passed on when a deployment event is dispatched.

The task parameter is used by the deployment system to allow different execution paths. In the web world this might be deploy:migrations to run schema changes on the system. In the compiled world this could be a flag to compile an application with debugging enabled.

Users with repo or repo_deployment scopes can create a deployment for a given ref.

Merged branch response

You will see this response when GitHub automatically merges the base branch into the topic branch instead of creating a deployment. This auto-merge happens when:

  • Auto-merge option is enabled in the repository
  • Topic branch does not include the latest changes on the base branch, which is master in the response example
  • There are no merge conflicts

If there are no new commits in the base branch, a new request to create a deployment should give a successful response.

Merge conflict response

This error happens when the auto_merge option is enabled and when the default branch (in this case master), can't be merged into the branch that's being deployed (in this case topic-branch), due to merge conflicts.

Failed commit status checks

This error happens when the required_contexts parameter indicates that one or more contexts need to have a success status for the commit to be deployed, but one or more of the required contexts do not have a state of success.

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Ver aviso de pré-visualização
Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Body parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
refstringObrigatório

The ref to deploy. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

taskstring

Specifies a task to execute (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Padrão: deploy

auto_mergeboolean

Attempts to automatically merge the default branch into the requested ref, if it's behind the default branch.

Padrão: true

required_contextsarray of strings

The status contexts to verify against commit status checks. If you omit this parameter, GitHub verifies all unique contexts before creating a deployment. To bypass checking entirely, pass an empty array. Defaults to all unique contexts.

payloadobject or string or

JSON payload with extra information about the deployment.

environmentstring

Name for the target deployment environment (e.g., production, staging, qa).

Padrão: production

descriptionstring or null

Short description of the deployment.

Padrão:

transient_environmentboolean

Specifies if the given environment is specific to the deployment and will no longer exist at some point in the future. Default: false
Note: This parameter requires you to use the application/vnd.github.ant-man-preview+json custom media type.

Padrão: false

production_environmentboolean

Specifies if the given environment is one that end-users directly interact with. Default: true when environment is production and false otherwise.
Note: This parameter requires you to use the application/vnd.github.ant-man-preview+json custom media type.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
201

Created

202

Merged branch response

409

Conflict when there is a merge conflict or the commit's status checks failed

422

Validation failed

Amostras de código

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments \ -d '{"ref":"topic-branch","payload":"{ \"deploy\": \"migrate\" }","description":"Deploy request from hubot"}'

Simple example

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Aviso de pré-visualização

The inactive state and the log_url, environment_url, and auto_inactive parameters are currently available for developers to preview. Please see the blog post for full details.

To access the API during the preview period, you must provide a custom media type in the Accept header:

application/vnd.github.ant-man-preview+json

Get a deployment

Works with GitHub Apps

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Ver avisos de pré-visualização
Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_idintegerObrigatório

deployment_id parameter

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Amostras de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Avisos de pré-visualização

New features in the Deployments API on GitHub are currently available during a public beta. Please see the blog post for full details.

To access the new environment parameter, the two new values for the state parameter (in_progress and queued), and use auto_inactive on production deployments during the public beta period, you must provide the following custom media type in the Accept header:

application/vnd.github.flash-preview+json

The inactive state and the log_url, environment_url, and auto_inactive parameters are currently available for developers to preview. Please see the blog post for full details.

To access the API during the preview period, you must provide a custom media type in the Accept header:

application/vnd.github.ant-man-preview+json

Delete a deployment

Works with GitHub Apps

If the repository only has one deployment, you can delete the deployment regardless of its status. If the repository has more than one deployment, you can only delete inactive deployments. This ensures that repositories with multiple deployments will always have an active deployment. Anyone with repo or repo_deployment scopes can delete a deployment.

To set a deployment as inactive, you must:

  • Create a new deployment that is active so that the system has a record of the current state, then delete the previously active deployment.
  • Mark the active deployment as inactive by adding any non-successful deployment status.

For more information, see "Create a deployment" and "Create a deployment status."

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_idintegerObrigatório

deployment_id parameter

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

Amostras de código

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 204