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GitHub AE는 현재 제한된 릴리스 상태입니다.

Ant를 사용하여 Java 빌드 및 테스트

GitHub Actions CI(연속 통합) 워크플로를 만들어 Ant를 사용하여 Java 프로젝트를 빌드하고 테스트할 수 있습니다.

Introduction

This guide shows you how to create a workflow that performs continuous integration (CI) for your Java project using the Ant build system. The workflow you create will allow you to see when commits to a pull request cause build or test failures against your default branch; this approach can help ensure that your code is always healthy. You can extend your CI workflow to upload artifacts from a workflow run.

You must install the required software on your self-hosted runners. For more information about self-hosted runners, see "Hosting your own runners."

Prerequisites

You should be familiar with YAML and the syntax for GitHub Actions. For more information, see:

We recommend that you have a basic understanding of Java and the Ant framework. For more information, see the Apache Ant Manual.

Using an Ant starter workflow

To get started quickly, add a starter workflow to the .github/workflows directory of your repository.

GitHub provides a starter workflow for Ant that should work for most Java with Ant projects. The subsequent sections of this guide give examples of how you can customize this starter workflow.

  1. On your enterprise, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Under your repository name, click Actions.

    Screenshot of the tabs for the "github/docs" repository. The "Actions" tab is highlighted with an orange outline.

  3. If you already have a workflow in your repository, click New workflow.

  4. The "Choose a workflow" page shows a selection of recommended starter workflows. Search for "Java with Ant".

  5. On the "Java with Ant" workflow, click Configure.

    If you don't find the "Java with Ant" starter workflow, copy the following workflow code to a new file called ant.yml in the .github/workflows directory of your repository.

    YAML
    name: Java CI
    
    on:
      push:
        branches: [ $default-branch ]
      pull_request:
        branches: [ $default-branch ]
    
    jobs:
      build:
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    
        steps:
        - uses: actions/checkout@v4
        - name: Set up JDK 11
          uses: actions/setup-java@v3
          with:
            java-version: '11'
            distribution: 'temurin'
        - name: Build with Ant
          run: ant -noinput -buildfile build.xml
    
  6. Edit the workflow as required. For example, change the Java version.

  7. Click Commit changes.

Specifying the Java version and architecture

The starter workflow sets up the PATH to contain OpenJDK 8 for the x64 platform. If you want to use a different version of Java, or target a different architecture (x64 or x86), you can use the setup-java action to choose a different Java runtime environment.

For example, to use version 11 of the JDK provided by Adoptium for the x64 platform, you can use the setup-java action and configure the java-version, distribution and architecture parameters to '11', 'temurin' and x64.

YAML
steps:
  - uses: actions/checkout@v4
  - name: Set up JDK 11 for x64
    uses: actions/setup-java@v3
    with:
      java-version: '11'
      distribution: 'temurin'
      architecture: x64

For more information, see the setup-java action.

Building and testing your code

You can use the same commands that you use locally to build and test your code.

The starter workflow will run the default target specified in your build.xml file. Your default target will commonly be set to build classes, run tests and package classes into their distributable format, for example, a JAR file.

If you use different commands to build your project, or you want to run a different target, you can specify those. For example, you may want to run the jar target that's configured in your _build-ci.xml_ file.

YAML
steps:
  - uses: actions/checkout@v4
  - uses: actions/setup-java@v3
    with:
      java-version: '17'
      distribution: 'temurin'
  - name: Run the Ant jar target
    run: ant -noinput -buildfile build-ci.xml jar

Packaging workflow data as artifacts

After your build has succeeded and your tests have passed, you may want to upload the resulting Java packages as a build artifact. This will store the built packages as part of the workflow run, and allow you to download them. Artifacts can help you test and debug pull requests in your local environment before they're merged. For more information, see "Storing workflow data as artifacts."

Ant will usually create output files like JARs, EARs, or WARs in the build/jar directory. You can upload the contents of that directory using the upload-artifact action.

YAML
steps:
  - uses: actions/checkout@v4
  - uses: actions/setup-java@v3
    with:
      java-version: '17'
      distribution: 'temurin'

  - run: ant -noinput -buildfile build.xml
  - uses: actions/upload-artifact@v3
    with:
      name: Package
      path: build/jar