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REST API はバージョン管理になりました。 詳細については、「API のバージョン管理について」を参照してください。

ブランチの REST API エンドポイント

この REST API を使い、ブランチとその保護設定の変更します。

List branches

"List branches" のきめ細かいアクセス トークン

このエンドポイントは、次の粒度の細かいトークンの種類で動作します:

粒度の細かいトークンには次のアクセス許可セットが設定されている必要があります:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

このエンドポイントは、パブリック リソースのみが要求される場合は、認証または前述メンションアクセス許可なしで使用できます。

"List branches" のパラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
owner string 必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必須

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

クエリ パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
protected boolean

Setting to true returns only branches protected by branch protections or rulesets. When set to false, only unprotected branches are returned. Omitting this parameter returns all branches.

per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Default: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Default: 1

"List branches" の HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

"List branches" のコード サンプル

要求の例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/branches
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/branches

Response

Status: 200
[ { "name": "master", "commit": { "sha": "c5b97d5ae6c19d5c5df71a34c7fbeeda2479ccbc", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/c5b97d5ae6c19d5c5df71a34c7fbeeda2479ccbc" }, "protected": true, "protection": { "required_status_checks": { "enforcement_level": "non_admins", "contexts": [ "ci-test", "linter" ] } }, "protection_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/hello-world/branches/master/protection" } ]

Get a branch

"Get a branch" のきめ細かいアクセス トークン

このエンドポイントは、次の粒度の細かいトークンの種類で動作します:

粒度の細かいトークンには次のアクセス許可セットが設定されている必要があります:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

このエンドポイントは、パブリック リソースのみが要求される場合は、認証または前述メンションアクセス許可なしで使用できます。

"Get a branch" のパラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
owner string 必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必須

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

branch string 必須

The name of the branch. Cannot contain wildcard characters. To use wildcard characters in branch names, use the GraphQL API.

"Get a branch" の HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

301

Moved permanently

404

Resource not found

"Get a branch" のコード サンプル

要求の例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/branches/{branch}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/branches/BRANCH

Response

Status: 200
{ "name": "main", "commit": { "sha": "7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0MTI5NjI2OTo3ZmQxYTYwYjAxZjkxYjMxNGY1OTk1NWE0ZTRkNGU4MGQ4ZWRmMTFk", "commit": { "author": { "name": "The Octocat", "email": "octocat@nowhere.com", "date": "2012-03-06T23:06:50Z" }, "committer": { "name": "The Octocat", "email": "octocat@nowhere.com", "date": "2012-03-06T23:06:50Z" }, "message": "Merge pull request #6 from Spaceghost/patch-1\n\nNew line at end of file.", "tree": { "sha": "b4eecafa9be2f2006ce1b709d6857b07069b4608", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/b4eecafa9be2f2006ce1b709d6857b07069b4608" }, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "comment_count": 77, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d/comments", "author": { "login": "octocat", "id": 583231, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjU4MzIzMQ==", "avatar_url": "https://avatars.githubusercontent.com/u/583231?v=4", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "committer": { "login": "octocat", "id": 583231, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjU4MzIzMQ==", "avatar_url": "https://avatars.githubusercontent.com/u/583231?v=4", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "parents": [ { "sha": "553c2077f0edc3d5dc5d17262f6aa498e69d6f8e", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/553c2077f0edc3d5dc5d17262f6aa498e69d6f8e", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/553c2077f0edc3d5dc5d17262f6aa498e69d6f8e" }, { "sha": "762941318ee16e59dabbacb1b4049eec22f0d303", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/762941318ee16e59dabbacb1b4049eec22f0d303", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/762941318ee16e59dabbacb1b4049eec22f0d303" } ] }, "_links": { "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches/main", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/tree/main" }, "protected": false, "protection": { "enabled": false, "required_status_checks": { "enforcement_level": "off", "contexts": [], "checks": [] } }, "protection_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches/main/protection" }

Rename a branch

Renames a branch in a repository.

Note: Although the API responds immediately, the branch rename process might take some extra time to complete in the background. You won't be able to push to the old branch name while the rename process is in progress. For more information, see "Renaming a branch".

The authenticated user must have push access to the branch. If the branch is the default branch, the authenticated user must also have admin or owner permissions.

In order to rename the default branch, fine-grained access tokens also need the administration:write repository permission.

"Rename a branch" のきめ細かいアクセス トークン

このエンドポイントは、次の粒度の細かいトークンの種類で動作します:

粒度の細かいトークンには次のアクセス許可セットが設定されている必要があります:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

"Rename a branch" のパラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
owner string 必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必須

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

branch string 必須

The name of the branch. Cannot contain wildcard characters. To use wildcard characters in branch names, use the GraphQL API.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
new_name string 必須

The new name of the branch.

"Rename a branch" の HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
201

Created

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

"Rename a branch" のコード サンプル

要求の例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/branches/{branch}/rename
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/branches/BRANCH/rename \ -d '{"new_name":"my_renamed_branch"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "name": "master", "commit": { "sha": "7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0N2ZkMWE2MGIwMWY5MWIzMTRmNTk5NTVhNGU0ZDRlODBkOGVkZjExZA==", "commit": { "author": { "name": "The Octocat", "date": "2012-03-06T15:06:50-08:00", "email": "octocat@nowhere.com" }, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "message": "Merge pull request #6 from Spaceghost/patch-1\n\nNew line at end of file.", "tree": { "sha": "b4eecafa9be2f2006ce1b709d6857b07069b4608", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/b4eecafa9be2f2006ce1b709d6857b07069b4608" }, "committer": { "name": "The Octocat", "date": "2012-03-06T15:06:50-08:00", "email": "octocat@nowhere.com" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null }, "comment_count": 0 }, "author": { "gravatar_id": "", "avatar_url": "https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/7ad39074b0584bc555d0417ae3e7d974?d=https://a248.e.akamai.net/assets.github.com%2Fimages%2Fgravatars%2Fgravatar-140.png", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "id": 583231, "login": "octocat", "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": true }, "parents": [ { "sha": "553c2077f0edc3d5dc5d17262f6aa498e69d6f8e", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/553c2077f0edc3d5dc5d17262f6aa498e69d6f8e" }, { "sha": "762941318ee16e59dabbacb1b4049eec22f0d303", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/762941318ee16e59dabbacb1b4049eec22f0d303" } ], "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/7fd1a60b01f91b314f59955a4e4d4e80d8edf11d", "committer": { "gravatar_id": "", "avatar_url": "https://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/7ad39074b0584bc555d0417ae3e7d974?d=https://a248.e.akamai.net/assets.github.com%2Fimages%2Fgravatars%2Fgravatar-140.png", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "id": 583231, "login": "octocat", "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": true }, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/comments" }, "_links": { "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/tree/master", "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches/master" }, "protected": true, "protection": { "required_status_checks": { "enforcement_level": "non_admins", "contexts": [ "ci-test", "linter" ] } }, "protection_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/hello-world/branches/master/protection" }

Sync a fork branch with the upstream repository

Sync a branch of a forked repository to keep it up-to-date with the upstream repository.

"Sync a fork branch with the upstream repository" のきめ細かいアクセス トークン

このエンドポイントは、次の粒度の細かいトークンの種類で動作します:

粒度の細かいトークンには次のアクセス許可セットが設定されている必要があります:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

"Sync a fork branch with the upstream repository" のパラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
owner string 必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必須

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
branch string 必須

The name of the branch which should be updated to match upstream.

"Sync a fork branch with the upstream repository" の HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

The branch has been successfully synced with the upstream repository

409

The branch could not be synced because of a merge conflict

422

The branch could not be synced for some other reason

"Sync a fork branch with the upstream repository" のコード サンプル

要求の例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/merge-upstream
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/merge-upstream \ -d '{"branch":"main"}'

The branch has been successfully synced with the upstream repository

Status: 200
{ "message": "Successfully fetched and fast-forwarded from upstream defunkt:main", "merge_type": "fast-forward", "base_branch": "defunkt:main" }

Merge a branch

"Merge a branch" のきめ細かいアクセス トークン

このエンドポイントは、次の粒度の細かいトークンの種類で動作します:

粒度の細かいトークンには次のアクセス許可セットが設定されている必要があります:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

"Merge a branch" のパラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
owner string 必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必須

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
base string 必須

The name of the base branch that the head will be merged into.

head string 必須

The head to merge. This can be a branch name or a commit SHA1.

commit_message string

Commit message to use for the merge commit. If omitted, a default message will be used.

"Merge a branch" の HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
201

Successful Response (The resulting merge commit)

204

Response when already merged

403

Forbidden

404

Not Found when the base or head does not exist

409

Conflict when there is a merge conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

"Merge a branch" のコード サンプル

要求の例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/merges
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/merges \ -d '{"base":"master","head":"cool_feature","commit_message":"Shipped cool_feature!"}'

Successful Response (The resulting merge commit)

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/comments", "commit": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "author": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "mona@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "committer": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "mona@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "message": "Fix all the bugs", "tree": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tree/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" }, "comment_count": 0, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }, "author": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "committer": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" } ], "stats": { "additions": 104, "deletions": 4, "total": 108 }, "files": [ { "filename": "file1.txt", "additions": 10, "deletions": 2, "changes": 12, "status": "modified", "raw_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/raw/7ca483543807a51b6079e54ac4cc392bc29ae284/file1.txt", "blob_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/7ca483543807a51b6079e54ac4cc392bc29ae284/file1.txt", "patch": "@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@\n....." } ] }