Browsing security vulnerabilities in the GitHub Advisory Database

The GitHub Advisory Database allows you to browse or search for vulnerabilities that affect open source projects on GitHub.

About security vulnerabilities

脆弱性とは、プロジェクトあるいはそのコードを利用する他のプロジェクトにおいて、秘密性、一貫性、可用性を損なうために悪用されうる、プロジェクトコードの問題です。 脆弱性の種類、重要度、攻撃の方法は様々です。

GitHub will send you Dependabotアラート if we detect that any of the vulnerabilities from the GitHub Advisory Database affect the packages that your repository depends on. For more information, see "About alerts for vulnerable dependencies."

About the GitHub Advisory Database

The GitHub Advisory Database contains a curated list of security vulnerabilities that have been mapped to packages tracked by the GitHub dependency graph. 脆弱性は、以下のソースからGitHub Advisory Databaseに追加されます。

Each security advisory contains information about the vulnerability, including the description, severity, affected package, package ecosystem, affected versions and patched versions, impact, and optional information such as references, workarounds, and credits. In addition, advisories from the National Vulnerability Database list contain a link to the CVE record, where you can read more details about the vulnerability, its CVSS scores, and its qualitative severity level. For more information, see the "National Vulnerability Database" from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

The severity level is one of four possible levels defined in the "Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS), Section 5."

  • Low
  • Medium/Moderate
  • High
  • Critical

The GitHub Advisory Database uses the CVSS levels described above. If GitHub obtains a CVE, the GitHub Advisory Database uses CVSS version 3.1. If the CVE is imported, the GitHub Advisory Database supports both CVSS versions 3.0 and 3.1.

GitHub Security Labに加わり、セキュリティ関連のトピックをブラウズし、セキュリティのツールやプロジェクトに貢献することもできます。

Accessing an advisory in the GitHub Advisory Database

  1. Navigate to https://github.com/advisories.
  2. Optionally, to filter the list, use any of the drop-down menus. Dropdown filters
  3. Click on any advisory to view details.

The database is also accessible using the GraphQL API. For more information, see the "security_advisory webhook event."

Searching the GitHub Advisory Database

You can search the database, and use qualifiers to narrow your search. For example, you can search for advisories created on a certain date, in a specific ecosystem, or in a particular library.

日付の形式は ISO8601標準に従い、YYYY-MM-DD(年-月-日) とする必要があります。 オプションの時間情報のTHH:MM:SS+00:00を日付の後に付けて、時、分、秒で検索できるようにすることもできます。 これはTの後にHH:MM:SS(時-分-秒)、そしてUTCオフセット(+00:00)を続けたものです。

日付に対して検索を行う場合、結果をさらにフィルタリングするためにより大きい、より小さい、範囲の修飾子を利用できます。 詳しい情報については、「検索構文を理解する」を参照してください。

QualifierExample
GHSA-IDGHSA-49wp-qq6x-g2rf will show the advisory with this GitHub Advisory Database ID.
CVE-IDCVE-2020-28482 will show the advisory with this CVE ID number.
ecosystem:ECOSYSTEMecosystem:npm will show only advisories affecting NPM packages.
severity:LEVELseverity:high will show only advisories with a high severity level.
affects:LIBRARYaffects:lodash will show only advisories affecting the lodash library.
cwe:IDcwe:352 will show only advisories with this CWE number.
credit:USERNAMEcredit:octocat will show only advisories credited to the "octocat" user account.
sort:created-ascsort:created-asc will sort by the oldest advisories first.
sort:created-descsort:created-desc will sort by the newest advisories first.
sort:updated-ascsort:updated-asc will sort by the least recently updated first.
sort:updated-descsort:updated-desc will sort by the most recently updated first.
is:withdrawnis:withdrawn will show only advisories that have been withdrawn.
created:YYYY-MM-DDcreated:2021-01-13 will show only advisories created on this date.
updated:YYYY-MM-DDupdated:2021-01-13 will show only advisories updated on this date.

Viewing your vulnerable repositories

For any vulnerability in the GitHub Advisory Database, you can see which of your repositories have a Dependabot alert for that vulnerability. To see a vulnerable repository, you must have access to Dependabotアラート for that repository. For more information, see "About alerts for vulnerable dependencies."

  1. Navigate to https://github.com/advisories.
  2. Click an advisory.
  3. At the top of the advisory page, click Dependabot alerts. Dependabot alerts
  4. Optionally, to filter the list, use the search bar or the drop-down menus. The "Organization" drop-down menu allows you to filter the Dependabotアラート per owner (organization or user). Search bar and drop-down menus to filter alerts
  5. For more details about the vulnerability, and for advice on how to fix the vulnerable repository, click the repository name.

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