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We've recently moved some of the REST API documentation. If you can't find what you're looking for, you might try the new Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks REST API pages.

Implementaciones

La API de implementaciones te permite crear y eliminar implementaciones y entornos de implementación.

Acerca de la API de implementaciones

Los despliegues son slicitudes para desplegar una ref específica (rma, SHA, etiqueta). GitHub envía un evento deployment que los servicios externos pueden escuchar y sobre el que pueden actuar cuando se crean implementaciones. Los despliegues habilitan a los desarrolladores y a las organizaciones para crear herramientas sin conexión directa en torno a los despliegues, sin tener que preocuparse acerca de los detalles de implementación de entregar tipos de aplicaciones diferentes (por ejemplo, web o nativas).

Los estados de implementación permiten a los servicios externos marcar las implementaciones con un estado error, failure, pending, in_progress, queued o success que los sistemas que escuchan eventos deployment_status pueden consumir.

Los estados de implementación también pueden incluir un valor description y log_urlopcional, que son muy recomendables porque hacen que los estados de implementación sean más útiles. log_url es la dirección URL completa de la salida de implementación y description es un resumen general de lo que ha ocurrido con la implementación.

GitHub envía eventos deployment y deployment_status cuando se crean implementaciones y estados de implementación. Estos eventos permiten que las integraciones de terceros reciban solicitudes de implementación, y respondan a ellas, y actualizan el estado de una implementación conforme esta progrese.

Debajo encontrarás un diagrama de secuencia simple que explica cómo funcionarían estas interacciones.

+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
| Tooling |             | GitHub |            | 3rd Party |        | Your Server |
+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Create Deployment   |                       |                     |
     |--------------------->|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Deployment Created  |                       |                     |
     |<---------------------|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Event    |                     |
     |                      |---------------------->|                     |
     |                      |                       |     SSH+Deploys     |
     |                      |                       |-------------------->|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |   Deploy Completed  |
     |                      |                       |<--------------------|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |

Ten en cuenta que GitHub jamás accede a tus servidores realmente. La interacción con los eventos de despliegue dependerá de tu integración de terceros. Varios sistemas pueden escuchar a los eventos de despliegue, y depende de cada uno de ellos decidir si son responsables de cargar el código a tus servidores, si crean código nativo, etc.

Tenga en cuenta que el ámbito de OAuth repo_deployment concede acceso destinado a las implementaciones y los estados de implementación sin conceder acceso al código del repositorio, mientras que los ámbitos public_repo yrepo también conceden permiso para el código.

Despliegues inactivos

Al establecer el estado de una implementación en success, todas las implementaciones anteriores que no sean transitorias ni de producción y que se encuentren en el mismo repositorio con el mismo nombre de entorno se convertirán en inactive. Para evitarlo, puede auto_inactive establecer en false al crear el estado de implementación.

Puede comunicar que ya no existe un entorno transitorio si establece state en inactive. Al establecer state en inactive se muestra la implementación como destroyed en GitHub y se quita el acceso a ella.

List deployments

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Simple filtering of deployments is available via query parameters:

Parámetros

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Query parameters
Name, Type, Description
shastring

The SHA recorded at creation time.

Default: none

refstring

The name of the ref. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

Default: none

taskstring

The name of the task for the deployment (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Default: none

environmentstringnull

The name of the environment that was deployed to (e.g., staging or production).

Default: none

per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Default: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Default: 1

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

status codeDescripción
200

OK

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true } ]

Create a deployment

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Deployments offer a few configurable parameters with certain defaults.

The ref parameter can be any named branch, tag, or SHA. At GitHub Enterprise Server we often deploy branches and verify them before we merge a pull request.

The environment parameter allows deployments to be issued to different runtime environments. Teams often have multiple environments for verifying their applications, such as production, staging, and qa. This parameter makes it easier to track which environments have requested deployments. The default environment is production.

The auto_merge parameter is used to ensure that the requested ref is not behind the repository's default branch. If the ref is behind the default branch for the repository, we will attempt to merge it for you. If the merge succeeds, the API will return a successful merge commit. If merge conflicts prevent the merge from succeeding, the API will return a failure response.

By default, commit statuses for every submitted context must be in a success state. The required_contexts parameter allows you to specify a subset of contexts that must be success, or to specify contexts that have not yet been submitted. You are not required to use commit statuses to deploy. If you do not require any contexts or create any commit statuses, the deployment will always succeed.

The payload parameter is available for any extra information that a deployment system might need. It is a JSON text field that will be passed on when a deployment event is dispatched.

The task parameter is used by the deployment system to allow different execution paths. In the web world this might be deploy:migrations to run schema changes on the system. In the compiled world this could be a flag to compile an application with debugging enabled.

Users with repo or repo_deployment scopes can create a deployment for a given ref.

Merged branch response

You will see this response when GitHub automatically merges the base branch into the topic branch instead of creating a deployment. This auto-merge happens when:

  • Auto-merge option is enabled in the repository
  • Topic branch does not include the latest changes on the base branch, which is master in the response example
  • There are no merge conflicts

If there are no new commits in the base branch, a new request to create a deployment should give a successful response.

Merge conflict response

This error happens when the auto_merge option is enabled and when the default branch (in this case master), can't be merged into the branch that's being deployed (in this case topic-branch), due to merge conflicts.

Failed commit status checks

This error happens when the required_contexts parameter indicates that one or more contexts need to have a success status for the commit to be deployed, but one or more of the required contexts do not have a state of success.

Parámetros

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Body parameters
Name, Type, Description
refstringRequired

The ref to deploy. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

taskstring

Specifies a task to execute (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Default: deploy

auto_mergeboolean

Attempts to automatically merge the default branch into the requested ref, if it's behind the default branch.

Default:

required_contextsarray of strings

The status contexts to verify against commit status checks. If you omit this parameter, GitHub verifies all unique contexts before creating a deployment. To bypass checking entirely, pass an empty array. Defaults to all unique contexts.

payloadobject or string

JSON payload with extra information about the deployment.

environmentstring

Name for the target deployment environment (e.g., production, staging, qa).

Default: production

descriptionstring or null

Short description of the deployment.

transient_environmentboolean

Specifies if the given environment is specific to the deployment and will no longer exist at some point in the future. Default: false

production_environmentboolean

Specifies if the given environment is one that end-users directly interact with. Default: true when environment is production and false otherwise.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

status codeDescripción
201

Created

202

Merged branch response

409

Conflict when there is a merge conflict or the commit's status checks failed

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Ejemplos de código

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments \ -d '{"ref":"topic-branch","payload":"{ \"deploy\": \"migrate\" }","description":"Deploy request from hubot"}'

Simple example

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Get a deployment

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Parámetros

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_idintegerRequired

deployment_id parameter

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

status codeDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Delete a deployment

Funciona con GitHub Apps

If the repository only has one deployment, you can delete the deployment regardless of its status. If the repository has more than one deployment, you can only delete inactive deployments. This ensures that repositories with multiple deployments will always have an active deployment. Anyone with repo or repo_deployment scopes can delete a deployment.

To set a deployment as inactive, you must:

  • Create a new deployment that is active so that the system has a record of the current state, then delete the previously active deployment.
  • Mark the active deployment as inactive by adding any non-successful deployment status.

For more information, see "Create a deployment" and "Create a deployment status."

Parámetros

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_idintegerRequired

deployment_id parameter

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

status codeDescripción
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Ejemplos de código

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 204