GitHub und Handelskontrollen

GitHub.com, GitHub Enterprise Server und die Informationen, die Sie auf eines der beiden Produkte hochladen, können Handelskontrollbestimmungen unterliegen, einschließlich der Bestimmungen der U.S. Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Export Administration Regulations (the EAR).

GitHub verfolgt die Vision, die globale Plattform für die Zusammenarbeit von Entwicklern zu sein, unabhängig davon, wo diese ansässig sind. Wir nehmen unsere Verantwortung ernst, staatliche Mandate gründlich zu prüfen, um sicher zu sein, dass Benutzer und Kunden nicht über das gesetzlich vorgeschriebene Maß hinaus beeinträchtigt werden. This includes keeping public repository services, including those for open source projects, available and accessible to support personal communications involving developers in sanctioned regions. This also means GitHub will advocate for developers in sanctioned regions to enjoy greater access to the platform and full access to the global open source community.

As a result of our advocacy and hard work with U.S. regulators, GitHub has secured a license from the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) to restore our cloud services to developers in Iran. And we will continue to work with U.S. regulators to secure similar licenses to offer collaboration services to developers in Syria and Crimea. We are committed to advocating for the broadest possible developer access, as we believe offering code collaboration services for developers in sanctioned regions makes the global developer community stronger, advances human progress, and supports the enduring U.S. foreign policy of promoting free speech and the free flow of information. For information about the license we secured for developers in Iran, read the blog post.

Auch wenn wir die nachfolgenden Informationen zu Ihrer Bequemlichkeit zur Verfügung gestellt haben, liegt es letztendlich in Ihrer Verantwortung sicherzustellen, dass Ihre Nutzung der Produkte und Dienste von GitHub allen geltenden Gesetzen und Vorschriften, einschließlich der US-Exportkontrollgesetze, entspricht. export control laws.

Exportübersicht

GitHub.com

Im Rahmen unserer Nutzungsbedingungen dürfen Benutzer nur in Übereinstimmung mit geltendem Recht, einschließlich der US-Exportkontroll- und Sanktionsgesetze, auf GitHub.com zugreifen und es nutzen. export control and sanctions laws.

Die Benutzer sind dafür verantwortlich, sicherzustellen, dass die Inhalte, die sie entwickeln und auf GitHub.com teilen, den US-Exportkontrollgesetzen, einschließlich der EAR und den U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), entsprechen. export control laws, including the EAR and the U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Das unter GitHub.com verfügbare Cloud-Hosting-Angebot wurde nicht für das Hosting von Daten konzipiert, die dem ITAR unterliegen, und bietet derzeit nicht die Möglichkeit, den Repository-Zugang nach Ländern zu beschränken. Wenn Sie an ITAR- oder anderen exportkontrollierten Daten mitarbeiten möchten, empfehlen wir Ihnen GitHub Enterprise Server, das lokale Angebot von GitHub.

GitHub now has a license from OFAC to provide cloud services to developers located or otherwise resident in Iran. This includes all public and private services for individuals and organizations, both free and paid.

GitHub cloud services, both free and paid, are also generally available to developers located in Cuba.

Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs), other denied or blocked parties under U.S. and other applicable law, and certain government officials, may be restricted from accessing or using GitHub.com. Additionally, users may not use GitHub.com for or on behalf of such parties, generally including the Governments of sanctioned countries. Des Weiteren darf GitHub.com nicht für Zwecke verwendet werden, die nach den geltenden Exportkontrollgesetzen verboten sind, einschließlich verbotener Endnutzungen, die in 17 CFR 744 beschrieben sind.

GitHub Enterprise Server

GitHub Enterprise Server ist eine selbst gehostete virtuelle Appliance, die in Ihrem eigenen Rechenzentrum oder in der virtuellen privaten Cloud ausgeführt werden kann. GitHub Enterprise Server kann daher zur Speicherung von ITAR- oder anderen exportkontrollierten Informationen verwendet werden, wobei die Endbenutzer jedoch dafür verantwortlich sind, die Einhaltung des ITAR und anderer anwendbarer Exportkontrollen zu gewährleisten.

GitHub Enterprise Server ist ein kommerzielles Massenmarktprodukt mit der Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 5D992.c und kann ohne Lizenz (NLR) in die meisten Länder exportiert werden.

GitHub Enterprise Server darf nicht in Länder, die in der Ländergruppe E:1 in Beilage Nr. 1 zu Teil 740 der EAR aufgeführt sind, oder in die Krim-Region der Ukraine verkauft, exportiert oder wiederexportiert werden. Diese Liste enthält derzeit Kuba, Iran, Nordkorea und Syrien, unterliegt jedoch Änderungen.

Häufig gestellte Fragen

On which countries and territories are U.S. government sanctions applied?

Krim, Kuba, Iran, Nordkorea und Syrien. With respect to Iran, however, GitHub now has a license from the U.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) to provide cloud services to developers located or otherwise resident in that country. GitHub cloud services, both free and paid, are also generally available to developers located in Cuba.

In dem seltenen Fall, dass ein Konto unbeabsichtigt oder irrtümlich betroffen ist, haben wir ein Berufungsverfahren, um solche Fälle zu klären.

Wenn ein einzelner Benutzer oder der Administrator einer Organisation der Meinung ist, fälschlicherweise mit einem Flag gekennzeichnet worden zu sein, dann hat dieser Benutzer die Möglichkeit, gegen die Kennzeichnung Einspruch zu erheben, indem er GitHub Verifizierungsinformationen zur Verfügung stellt. If GitHub receives sufficient information to verify that the user or organization is not affiliated with a U.S.-sanctioned jurisdiction for which we do not have a license or otherwise restricted by U.S. economic sanctions, then the flag will be removed. Bitte beachten Sie hierzu das Antragsformular für Einsprüche zu Einzelpersonenkonten und das Antragsformular für Einsprüche zu Organisationskonten.

Haben Reisen in diese Regionen irgendwelche Auswirkungen?

Reisen in diese Regionen können sich auf Ihren Kontostatus auswirken, aber die Verfügbarkeit kann wieder hergestellt werden, sobald Sie sich außerhalb der sanktionierten Region befinden und nach erfolgreicher Einreichung eines Einzelpersonenkonto-Beschwerdeantrags oder eines Organisationskonto-Beschwerdeantrags.

Was ist verfügbar und nicht verfügbar?

GitHub now has a license from OFAC to provide cloud services to developers located or otherwise resident in the U.S.-sanctioned country of Iran. The license includes all public and private services for individuals and organizations, both free and paid. GitHub cloud services, both free and paid, are also generally available to developers located in Cuba.

GitHub is committed to continuing to offer free public repository services to developers with individual and organizational accounts in Syria and Crimea. Dazu gehören der eingeschränkte Zugriff zu kostenlosen Diensten, wie z. B. öffentliche Repositorys für Open-Source-Projekte (und zugehörige öffentliche Seiten), öffentliche Gists und zugeteilte kostenlose Aktionsminuten, nur für die persönliche Kommunikation und nicht für kommerzielle Zwecke.

For paid organizational accounts in these sanctioned regions, users may have limited access to their public repositories, which have been downgraded to archived read-only repositories. For free organizational accounts in these sanctioned regions, however, users will continue to have full access to free public repositories for open source projects (and associated public Pages), public gists, and allotted free Action minutes.

GitHub will continue advocating with U.S. regulators for the greatest possible access to code collaboration services to developers in Syria and Crimea, including private repositories. We believe that offering those services advances human progress, international communication, and the enduring U.S. foreign policy of promoting free speech and the free flow of information.

Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs), other denied or blocked parties under U.S. and other applicable law, and certain government officials may be restricted from accessing or using GitHub, wherever located. Users may not use GitHub.com for or on behalf of such parties, generally including the Governments of sanctioned countries.

GitHub services are not available to developers located or otherwise resident in North Korea.

Wie definieren Sie diese spezifischen Benutzer?

If GitHub determines that a user or customer is located in a region that is subject to U.S. trade control restrictions, or a user is otherwise restricted under U.S. economic sanctions, then the affiliated account has been restricted to comply with those legal requirements. trade control restrictions for which GitHub does not yet have a license from the U.S. government, or a user is otherwise restricted under U.S. economic sanctions, then the affiliated account will be restricted to comply with those legal requirements. The determination of user and customer location to implement these legal restrictions are derived from a number of sources, including IP addresses and payment history. Nationality and ethnicity are not used to flag users for sanctions restrictions.

Inwiefern sind Organisationskonten betroffen?

If an organization is based out of, or the key individuals or membership of an organization shows sufficient ties to, a sanctioned territory or country for which GitHub does not yet have a license from the U.S. government, or if the organization otherwise appears to be subject to U.S. economic sanctions, then the organization account and the affiliated owner account will be restricted.

Die Einschränkung unterbindet den Zugang zu privaten Repository-Diensten und bezahlten Diensten, wie z.B. die Verfügbarkeit kostenloser oder kostenpflichtiger privater Repositorys, vertraulicher Gists, kostenpflichtiger Aktionsminuten, Sponsoren und GitHub-Marketplace-Diensten. For paid organizational accounts associated with such sanctioned regions, users may have limited access to their public repositories, which have been downgraded to archived read-only repositories. For free organizational accounts associated with such sanctioned regions, users will continue to have full access to free public repositories for open source projects (and associated public Pages), public gists, and allotted free Action minutes.

Können private Repositorys von Benutzern mit Handelsbeschränkungen veröffentlicht werden?

Free individual account users can make restricted private repositories public, for personal communications only, and not for commercial purposes. Users can do this by navigating to the repository settings tab and clicking the "make public" button. Once the repository is public, users have access to public repositories services. This action cannot be undone.

Können Benutzer mit Handelsbeschränkungen auf private Repository-Daten zugreifen (z. B. Herunterladen oder Löschen von Repository-Daten)?

Unfortunately, our understanding of the law does not give us the option to allow downloads or deletion of private repository content, until otherwise authorized by the U.S. government. government. We will strongly advocate, with U.S. We will strongly advocate, with U.S. regulators, for the right of trade-restricted users to secure the contents of their private repositories. We will also advocate for more availability of GitHub services for developers in sanctioned markets, and further underscore the importance of code collaboration in supporting personal communications for developers globally.

Under the license GitHub has received from OFAC, which types of accounts will be available in Iran?

The license we have secured includes all public and private services, for individuals and organizations, both free and paid.

For example, a developer in Iran may sign up for a Free or Pro plan for their individual use, and an Iranian university may set up an organization account to collaborate with students.

Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs), other denied or blocked parties under U.S. and other applicable law, and certain government officials may be restricted from accessing or using GitHub.

If GitHub determines that an individual or organization falls into a restricted category (SDNs, other blocked parties, or certain government officials), their account will be flagged and they will not be able to use any GitHub features. If they believe that they have been flagged in error, then they have the opportunity to appeal the flag by providing verification information to GitHub using our individual account appeals request form or organization account appeals request form. If GitHub receives sufficient information to verify that the individual is not in a category restricted by U.S. economic sanctions, then the flag will be removed.

Will Iranian GitHub users be able to use paid services under the license?

Pursuant to the license we have received from OFAC, we are restoring all cloud services to Iranian users, including paid services. We accept all major credit cards, but third parties process payments for us, so payments are subject to the terms and conditions of our payment processors. Those third parties may include restrictions that block payments from Iran.

Can you clarify availability of GitHub to Cuban developers?

GitHub cloud services, both free and paid, are generally available to developers located in Cuba.
Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs), other denied or blocked parties under U.S. and other applicable law, and certain government officials may be restricted from accessing or using GitHub, wherever located. Additionally, users may not use GitHub.com for or on behalf of such parties, generally including the Governments of sanctioned countries.

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