When using any development environment, customizing the settings and tools to your preferences and workflows is an important step. Codespaces allows for two main ways of personalizing your codespaces.
- Settings Sync - You can use and share Visual Studio Code settings between Codespaces and other instances of Visual Studio Code.
- Dotfiles – You can use a
dotfilesrepository to specify scripts, shell preferences, and other configurations.
Codespaces personalization applies to any codespace you create.
Project maintainers can also define a default configuration that applies to every codespace for a repository, created by anyone. For more information, see "Configuring Codespaces for your project."
Settings Sync allows you to share configurations such as settings, keyboard shortcuts, snippets, extensions, and UI state across machines and instances of Visual Studio Code.
To enable Settings Sync, in the bottom-left corner of the Activity Bar, select and click Turn on Settings Sync…. In the dialog box, select the settings you'd like to sync.
For more information, see the Settings Sync guide in the Visual Studio Code documentation.
Dotfiles are files and folders on Unix-like systems starting with
. that control the configuration of applications and shells on your system. You can store and manage your dotfiles in a repository on GitHub. For advice and tutorials about what to include in your dotfiles repository, see GitHub does dotfiles.
Your dotfiles repository might include your shell aliases and preferences, any tools you want to install, or any other codespace personalization you want to make.
You can configure Codespaces to use dotfiles from any repository you own by selecting that repository in your personal Codespaces settings.
When you create a new codespace, GitHub clones your selected repository to the codespace environment, and looks for one of the following files to set up the environment.
If none of these files are found, then any files or folders in your selected dotfiles repository starting with
. are symlinked to the codespace's
Any changes to your selected dotfiles repository will apply only to each new codespace, and do not affect any existing codespace.
Note: Currently, Codespaces does not support personalizing the User settings for the Visual Studio Code editor with your
dotfiles repository. You can set default Workspace and Remote [Codespaces] settings for a specific project in the project's repository. For more information, see "Introduction to dev containers."
You can use your selected dotfiles repository to personalize your Codespaces environment. Once you choose your dotfiles repository, you can add your scripts, preferences, and configurations to it. You then need to enable your dotfiles from your personal Codespaces settings page.
Warning: Dotfiles have the ability to run arbitrary scripts, which may contain unexpected or malicious code. Before installing a dotfiles repo, we recommend checking scripts to ensure they don't perform any unexpected actions.
In the "Code, planning, and automation" section of the sidebar, click Codespaces.
Under "Dotfiles", select Automatically install dotfiles so that Codespaces automatically installs your dotfiles into every new codespace you create.
Choose the repository you want to install dotfiles from.
You can add further script, preferences, configuration files to your dotfiles repository or edit existing files whenever you want. Changes to settings will only be picked up by new codespaces.
If your codespace fails to pick up configuration settings from dotfiles, see "Troubleshooting dotfiles for Codespaces."
You can also personalize Codespaces using additional Codespaces settings:
- To set your default region, see "Setting your default region for Codespaces."
- To set your editor, see "Setting your default editor for Codespaces."
- To add encrypted secrets, see "Managing encrypted secrets for Codespaces."
- To enable GPG verification, see "Managing GPG verification for Codespaces."
- To allow your codespaces to access other repositories, see "Managing access and security for Codespaces."